Origin, Meaning, Family History and Worthington Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Worthington is topographical in origin deriving its name from one of several places located in Lancashire called Worthintone or Leicestershire called Werditone. The locations derive their names from the medieval English given names, Wurethtun and Worthigntun. Both given names are compound words, broken down the prefixes “Wureth” means worthy and “Worthign” meaning worth, “tun” means settlement or village.
Surnames in Britain prior to the Norman conquest were largely unheard of. In the small settlements and villages which existed during earlier times, residents found little need for surnames as everyone in these communities new each other and a given name would usually suffice. However, with the passage of time, population growth and expansions of communities as villages gave way to towns and cities, it became necessary to add a qualifier to a person’s name to distinguish them, one from another. Therefore one person may have been identified by their given name plus their occupation while another may have been identified by their given name and one of their parent’s names. The introduction of surnames by the Norman aristocracy after the invasion seemed to be the next logical step in this evolution. There was a boundless supply from which surnames could be formed, in addition to the use of patriarchal/matriarchal names or reference to the individuals occupation, there were things such as defining physical traits, a familiar geographical location or a topographical landmark found near the individuals home or birthplace, the name of the village in which the person lived, and so much more. Surnames soon became representative of not just individuals but would entire families.
One of the earliest recordings of the surname, Snarri de Wurethintona, appears in the tax rolls of Lincolnshire dated 1169. These tax rolls hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. In medieval times, literacy was an attribute found primarily among the noble class, the clergy, and government officials, this meant most records were kept either by churches, priories, or government offices. Even so, often times there exists multiple variations in spelling of many surnames, due to the fact, rules and guidelines for spelling were lax this resulted in, even those who were literate spelled many words phonetically. Unfortunately, what may have sounded one way to one person may have sounded different to another, resulting in a variety of spellings of this surname name; examples include but are not limited to; Worthington; Wurthington; and Wrightington.
With the discovery of America and the addition of other countries to the British Commonwealth such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand, the use of surnames helped with the tracking of immigrants as well. One of the first recorded immigrants to America bearing the surname was Nicholas Worthington who arrived and settled in Connecticut in 1630. George and Mary Worthington and their children Frederick and Issac were early settlers to Australia, arriving and settling in Adelaide in 1839 and James and Elizabeth Worthington and their children Alice and George were early settler to New Zealand, arriving and settling in Auckland in 1856.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Worthington are found in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, the United States, and Canada. State by state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Worthington is in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Worthington. Lady Bryony Katherine Worthington was born in Wales, is a Member of Parliament in the House of Lords, and is a well known campaigner for environmental issues.
Lady Worthington was educated and graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in English literature from Queens’ College, Cambridge after which she joined Operation Raleigh, an organization which works to provide and improve access to safe water and sanitation in remote and rural communities around the world. They also teach the inhabitants how to sustain and manage natural resources and to protect vulnerable environment which in turn helps to build and nurture a sense of community. She has since worked for many charitable and government departments to promote environmental awareness and promote public welfare, including Friends of Earth and the Department for Environmental, Food, and Rural Affairs. Created a life peer in January 2011, she was titled Baroness Worthington, of Cambridge in the County of Cambridgeshire.
Worthington Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Worthington blazon are the dungfork and cross crosslet. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
Europe in the middle ages was still a largely agrarian society, and the wealth of the nobility resided in their estates and land. Since most people still lived and worked on the land they would find farm implements instantly recognisable, (an important feature for a coat of arms), even if they seem obscure to us today, the garb might fall into this category. The dungfork is a typical example of farming implements and represents that farming heritage.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross. The cross crosslet is one of these, being symetrical both vertically and horizontally and having an additional cross bar on each arm. Wade suggests that these additional crossing signify “the fourfold mystery of the Cross”.