Origins of Axtell:
According to early recordings of the spelling of the name, this name is listed in many spelling forms such as Axcell, Axcel, Axel, Axell, Aksell, Axtell and many others. It is an English surname. It is, however, pre 7th-century Scandinavian in origins, and acquires from the Old Norse word "Asketill." It was the combination of the two components "as" which means "God, Lord," and "ketill," a sacrificial kettle or village. Previous English, Anglo-Saxon, and Norse introduction names were frequently unique combinations whose components were often related to the impious gods. In this situation, the name is from a time before Christian names were brought by the Crusaders coming back from the Holy Land in the 12th century. In this situation, documentations derived from the old city of London parish records contained one James Axtell at St Margarets Westminster, in October 1621, the naming of William Axell, in November 1652, at St. Bride's, Fleet Street and the naming of Sarah Axcell, in January 1729, at St. Dunstan's, Stepney. A coat of arms mentioned the surname and showed three silver axes on a red shield.
More common variations are: Axttell, Axtelle, Axetell, Axxtell, Auxtell, Axtel, Axtill, Oxtell, Extell, Axtall.
The origins of the surname Axtell were found in Norfolk where people held a family seat from early times. Some say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Thomas Askill, dated about 1248, in the "Selected Documents of the English Lands of the Ebbay of Bec, Oxfordshire." It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman," dated 1216 - 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Axtell had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Axtell settled in the United States in three different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Axtell who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Nathaniel Axtell, who arrived in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1639. Henry Axtell arrived in Massachusetts in 1660. Robert Axtell who settled in Maryland in 1677. Daniel Axtell who settled in South Carolina in 1680.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Axtell: United States 3,676; England 586; Australia 76; Chile 63; India 25; Canada 25; New Zealand 12; Wales 2; Scotland 2; Thailand 2
Charles Axtell (1859–1932), was an American sports pitcher, who participated in the 1908 Summer Olympics. At the 1908 Olympics, he got a gold medal in the team pistol event and ended in fourth place in another separate pistol event.
Daniel Axtell (1622–1660), was a commander of the Parliamentary Guard at the trial of King Charles I at Westminster Hall in 1649. Shortly after the trial he was suspended, drawn and divided into four equal parts as a regicide.
George C. Axtell (1920–2011), was an assistant General of the United States Marine corps general officer and a World War II ace and Navy Cross awardee. During the World War II, he was the youngest commanding officer of a Marine Fighter Squadron. He also gave services in the Korean War and Vietnam War.
James Axtell was born in the year 1941. He is a professor of history at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. Axtell, who has interests in American Indian history and the history of higher education, is the William R. Kenan, Jr. Historian of Humanities.
James Wickliffe Axtell (1852–1909), was a newspaper journalist and an important representative of the Cumberland Presbyterian Parish.
Samuel Beach Axtell (1819–1891), was a senior Judge of the New Mexico Supreme Court.