Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Catton, co. Norfolk, extinct bart., created 14 Nov. 1806). Motto—Per ardua. Erm. on a fesse engr. az. three fleurs-de-lis or, in chief two branches of palm in saltire vert, in base a sphinx couchant ppr. Crest—Betw. two wings elevated erm. an eagle's head couped at the neck ppr. gorged with an eastern crown or, in the beak a palm branch vert.
2) (Berrinkerber). Barry of ten or and gu.
3) (Burly, co. Devon). Erm. on a bend engr. sa. three fleurs-de-lis or.
4) (Berry Narbor, East Leigh, Lobb, &c., co. Devon, Ralph de Bury, possessed Bury Narbor, temp. Henry III.; the heiress of the elder branch, which continued at Berry Narbor till the death of Thomas Berrie, in 1708, in. Francis Kirkham, Esq.). (Molland, co. Devon, a younger branch of Berry, of Berry Narbor, of which was Sir John Berry the eminent naval officer of the reign of William III. Thomas Berry, Esq., of Credition, descended from this line). Gu. three bars or. Crest—A griffin’s head erased per pale indented ar. and gu.
5) (Teddington, co. Bedford). Sa. a chev. engr. or, betw. three plates, each charged with a cross pattee gu.
6) (exemplified to James Wm. Middleton Berry, Esq., of Ballynegall, co. Westmeath, 1848). Motto—Nihil sine labore. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gu. three bars or, a trefoil vert for diff., for Berry; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a lion ramp. gu. debruised by a bend az. charged with three escallops or. for Girbons. Crests—1st: A griffin's head and neck per pale indented gu. and ar. charged with a trefoil counterchanged for diff, for Berry; 2nd: A demi lion ramp. az. holding in his paws an escallop or.
7) (Penzance, co. Cornwall). Erm. on a bend engr. az. three fleurs-de-lis or.
8) (Tayfield, formerly Wester Bogie, co. Fife). Motto—L’esperance me comforte. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, vert a cross crosslet ar.; 2nd and 3rd, per pale ar. and sa. on a chaplct four mullets counterchanged, for Nairne., of Sandford. Crest—A demi lion ramp. gu. holding in his dexter paw a cross crosslet fitchee az.
9) Ar. a chev. betw. three horses’ heads gu.
10) (Bury, co. Lancaster). Sa. a chev. or, betw. three plates, each charged with a cross pattee gu.
11) (Oxfordshire). Vert a cross crosslet or.
12) Ar. a barberry branch fructed ppr.
13) Quarterly, erm. and az. in the second and third quarter an eagle volant or.
14) (Teddington, co. Bedford). Sa. a chev. engr. or, betw. three plates, each charged with a cross pattee gu.
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Berry Name
England, Ireland, Scotland
Origins of Name:
The Berry surname derives from ancient English geographical locations and was also used a descriptive surname. The surname originates from as far back as 7th century words ‘byrig’ which means a fortified place, or from later words ‘beri’ or ‘buri’ meaning a manor house that is fortified. The name was also given to someone who owned a manor house, or perhaps to someone who lived nearby a manor house.
The surname possibly originates from such locations as Bury in Huntingdonshire (recorded as the surname Byrig in 974), Sussex, Bury in Lancashire, Berry(brow) in Yorkshire, or Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk (recorded in 1038 as Sancte Eadmundes Byrig).
More common variations are:
Berrey, Berray, Beerry, Bierry, Berroy, Bearry, Buerry, Berrye, Bberry, Berryo, Bury, Burry
The first known recorded instance of the name is of Gilbert de la Beri in 1202 in the Pipe Rolls of Cornwall. Roger Bury was recorded in the city of Cambridge in the Assize Register in 1260. Hubert Bery was recorded in the county of Suffolk in 1268.
In the 13th Century, a Berry family was known as lords of the manor of Berry Narbor on the north coast of Devon. The family would branch out to Crosscombe and Chittlehampton. Eventually, the Berry family of Berry Narbor would cease to exist in 1708 having no male heir.
William ate Bury was recorded in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1327.
Richard de Bury was the bishop if Durham in 1333, and would later become the Lord Chancellor of England in 1335.
Sir John Berry was a famous admiral who would fight in the West Indies against the Dutch and the French.
The surname Berry is the 109th most common name in Great Britain. The highest concentrations are in Newport, Monmouthshire, Merthyr Tydfil, Greater Manchester, and Rhondda Cynon Taff.
The Berry surname first appeared in Ireland in Galway and Mayo as an anglicized form of the Gaelic surnames O’Beara or O’Beargha. A prominent Berry family currently owns the Mayo News.
Berrys from England immigrated to Westmeath, Ireland in the 17th century. They would mostly make their homes at Eglish castle in Offaly country throughout the 17th century.
The first known instance of the surname Berry was in Fife. The Berry surname in Angus and Aberdeen is a variant spelling of Barrie or Barbie. In the end of the 17th century, Berrys and Berries were found in Strathdon, in the parish of Coldstone under Farquharson of Invercauld, and under Forbes of Brux.
One of the first Berrys in the United States were recorded in 1631 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Johan and Susanna Berry were Christian missionaries who sailed for the new world, and their son William was one of the first settlers at Sandy Beach in Rye.
Henry Berry obtained land in Occupacia Creek in 1650. One of his descendants, Washington Berry would leave Virginia and buy land for what would eventually become Dayton, Ohio. Washington Berry eventually owned 1,000 acres, 17 slaves and operated a ferry service between Dayton and Columbia.
151,000 in the United States (mainly in Texas)
30,000 in England (mainly in Newport)
11,000 in Australia
10,000 in South Africa
8,000 in Canada
Sir John Berry (1689) English naval officer
Martha Berry (1865) founder of the Berry Schools
Wendell Berry (1934) novelist, poet
Chuck Berry (1926) singer and songwriter.
Clarence Berry (1867), U.S. miner and oilman
Berry Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Berry blazon are the fleur-de-lis, cross pattee, sphinx and barberry branch. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, or and ermine .
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross pattee is typical of these, pattee meaning “spreading”, and so the ends of the arms of the cross curve gently outwards to rather pleasing effect.
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? As heraldry developed a whole menagerie of imagined creatures came into being, and their various representations became more or less standardised in form and appearance. The sphinx Is a typical example of a mythical creature, taking the form that we still recognise today. Wade suggests that it symbolises ”omniscience and secrecy”.