Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Notes: None. Blazon: (granted to Robert Bice, Sheriff of Dublin, 1569, by Narbonne, Ulster). Per saltier or and azure two roses gules slipped and leaved vert in pale and as many fleurs-de-lis of the first in fesse. Crest—A falcon preying on a partridge, all proper.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Bice Coat of Arms and Family Crest
This interesting and unusual name is a variant of the surname Byas, which is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a geographical name for a ‘dweller at the house in the bend’. The surname acquired from the Old English pre 7th Century ‘byge’, a bend, and ‘hus’, a house. Geographical surnames among the earliest formed, since both natural and human-made characteristics in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing names. The new surname can found as Byas(s), Bice and Byce. The arms given to one Robert Bice, who was Sheriff of Dublin in 1569, consisted of a shield, quartered diagonally gold and blue, with a red rose, with the stalk torn from the original stem, in the first and fourth quarters, and a gold fleur-de-lis in the second and third quarters. More common variations are: Buice, Byice, Boice, Baice, Bioce, Bicey, Bbice, Biceh, Biece, Beice.
The surname Bice first found in Surrey, where they had given lands by King William, their true Lord, after the Norman Invasion in 1066 AD. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Adam de Byus, dated 1275, in the Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire. It was during the reign of King Edward 1st, who was known as “The Hammer of the Scots” dated 1272-1307. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Some of the people with the surname Bice who arrived in the Canada in the 18th century included Mr John Bice U.E. who settled in Canada c. 178. Some of the individuals with the surname Bice who landed in Australia in the 19th century included William Henry Bice, aged 21, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship “Confiance”.
Bice Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Bice blazon are the rose, fleur-de-lis and falcon. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and azure .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The rose is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It has long been present in English heraldry, and as a badge and symbol played an enormous in English history throughout the conflict between rival dynasties known as the War of the Roses. In addition to these familial uses, Wade suggests that red roses signify “beauty and grace” and the white represents “love and faith”.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . The falcon is a bird long associated with hunting and we need look no further than a liking for this pursuit for its presence on many early coats of arms. We also find many of the accessories used in falconry depicted on arms, and a surprising number of terms from the art of falconry have found use in modern English idioms and the interested reader is recommended to search out the origins of the phrases hoodwinked and “cadging” a lift.