Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Bond Name
Bond Surname Name Meaning, Origin, History, & Etymology
This is an English (or rather, Anglo-Scandinavian, or even Icelandic) occupational last name for a husbandman, peasant farmer, or “house-holder”, deriving from the Middle English word bonde, Old English bonda or bunda, and the Old Norse or Viking bóndi. However, the underlying Germanic word has a disputed meaning and origin. Germanic people who settled in England after the Norman Invasion of 1066 AD settled on lands and lived agricultural lives. The land was held from, and bound by loyalty, to a lord in the feudal system. They were not serfs, as they were free landholders, which is evidenced by reference to ones in the Domesday Book (a survey of England and Wales ordered by William the Conqueror in 1086 AD) as liber homo, which is Latin for “free man”. As the Middle Ages progressed, the name became associated with bound servitude. However, as demonstrated lower down the page, there were plenty of Bond family members in the gentry or aristocracy. Some claim the name was first found in Somerset in Taunton, Devon. It is believed the name started as a personal (first) name.
Some spelling variants or names with similar etymologies include Bonds, Bonde, Bound, Boond, and Bondy.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The last name Bond ranks 603rd in popularity in the United Status as of the 2000 Census. The name ranks particularly high in the following five states: Mississippi, Kansas, Tennessee, Maryland and Alaska. The surname Bond frequency/commonness ranks as follows in the British Isles: England (246th), Scotland (602nd), Wales (260th), Ireland (1,025th) and Northern Ireland (600th).
In England, it ranks highest in counties Somerset and Devon. In Scotland, the surname ranks highest in Clackmannanshire. In Wales, it ranks highest in Anglesey. In Ireland, it ranks highest in counties Longford and Wexford. In Northern Ireland, it ranks highest in county Londonderry. The name is also present throughout the remainder English speaking world: Canada (1,605th), New Zealand (351st), Australia (338th), and South Africa (1,487th).
Henry Brougham Guppy’s 1890 book Homes of Family Names in Great Britain states the following in regard to this last name: “The Bonds are now represented in the Yarmouth district. This is also an old Norwich and Walsingham name (Bl.). In the 13th century it occurred as Bond and Le Bonde in Norfolk, Suffolk, Lincolnshire, etc. (H. R.). Besides Norfolk and Suffolk, where the name has been established for some 600 years at least, Devon, Somerset, and Lancashire are now important homes of the name” and “The Bonds have their principal homes in the west of England in Devon and Somerset, and in the east of England in Norfolk and Suffolk; they are also established in Lancashire and Staffordshire. Six centuries ago the name was still to be found in numbers in Norfolk and Suffolk, as well as in the neighbouring counties of Lincoln, Hunts, and Cambridge, and also in Oxfordshire, in the forms of Bond and Bonde, often preceded by “Le” (H. R.). The Bonds of Somerset are numerous in the Taunton district”.
Early Bearers of the Surname
The first documented bearer of this surname was Norman le Bonde, who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire in 1180 AD. William Bonde of Warwickshire was listed in the Records of the Knights Templar in 1185 AD. The Hundred Rolls of 1273 AD, a census of Wales and England, known in Latin as Rotuli Hundredorum lists one bearer of this surname: Emma le Bonde (Huntingonshire), Robert le Bonde (Worcestershire), and Walter le Bond (Cambridgeshire). Robert le Bonde and John le Bonnde in were recorded in Kirby’s Quest in Somerset during in 1327 AD. Two early marriages involving this surname include 1) Elianor Bond to Richard Laplove at St. Gregory’s by St. Pauls in London in 1576 and 2) John Bonder to Elizabeth Webb at Knightsbridge, Westminster in 1650.
Bond Family Tree & Bond Genealogy
Bond of Creech Grange
The lineage or ancestry of this branch of the Bond family tree traces back to Denis Bond, who was from a family that was seated in Penryn and Earth, Cornwall, in the tip of southeastern England in ancient times. A younger branch of the family moved to Hache Beauchamp in Somersetshire, England, where one John le Bound lived in 1327 AD*. The pedigree of the Bonds of the Isle of Purbeck, begins with one Robert Bond of Hache Beauchamp, who lived in 1431 AD. He had a son named Robert as well. In 1453 AD, this son Robert married Mary, daughter of Sir John Hody of Pillesdon, with whom he had issue as follows: William (his successor) and John Bond of Buckland (father of Sir Nicholas Bond of London). The former, William Bond of Herrington, Dorset was born in 1455. In 1510, he procured the estate of Lutton, in the parish of Steeple, in the Isle of Purbeck, when remained the family seat. He became a Member of Parliament for Weymouth in 1529. In 1496, he married Elizabeth, daughter of John Prowz of Bridy, and had a son and successor with her named Denis. He later married Lucy, daughter of William Stanley of Winterbourne Wast, and had a son with her named John (of Chickerel, Doreset, married Ann Holmstead, forming an alliance called the Bonds of Essex, who differenced their arms to distinguish them as the younger branch and bore argent, on a chevron sable, a bear’s head erased or, muzzles gules, between two bezants). He died in 1541 and was succeeded by his elder son, Denis. Denis Bond of Lutton was born in 1500. In 1532, he married Alice, daughter of Robert Samways of Toller, and they had four sons together as follows: 1) Robert (married Avis, daughter of Walter Clavell of Winfrith), 2) Richard (married and had children), 3) William (lived at Blackmanston in the Isle of Purbeck, married Anne, daughter of Richard Long of Glastonbury, had daughters named Edith, Alice), 4) John. The youngest son, John, was the successor. John was an Esquire of Lutton who was born in 1555. In 1588, he was appointed Captain of the Isle of Portland during the lead up to the invasion by the Spanish Armada. In 1583, he married Margaret, daughter of Richard Pitt of North Crickett, and had issue with her as follows: Denis and Elias (Member of Parliament for Wareham). He died in 1632 and was succeeded by his son Denis. Denis Bond was an Esquire of Lutton who was born in 1588. During the English Civil War, he joined the side of the Parliament and subsequently rose to prominence under the favor of Oliver Cromwell. In 1610, he married Joane, daughter of John Gould of Dorechester and Frome Bellet, and had issue with her as follows: 1) John (LL.D., Member of Parliament for Melcombe Regis, Master of Trinity Hall of Cambridge, Preacher before the Long Parliament) and 2) William (of South Bestwall, married Mary, daughter and heiress of John Selby of Winterborn, having children including Mary and Margaret who married). Denis secondly married, in 1622, Lucy, daughter of William Lawrence of Steepleton, and had issue include Samuel (Member of Parliament for Poole and Melcombe Regis) and Nathaniel. He died in 1658 and was succeeded by the second son of his second marriage. Nathaniel Bond was an Esquire of Lutton who was born in 1634, who was bred to the bar, and became Kings Serjeant. In 1686, he purchased the adjacent estate of Creech Grange. In 1675, he married Mary, daughter of Lewis Williams of Chitterdon, and had two issue with her: 1) Denis and 2) John (of Tyneham, Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle, married Margaret, daughter of John Williams of Herringston, had issue named John, Denis, Nathaniel, Thomas, and Margaret). He was succeeded by his eldest son Denis. This son, Denis Bond, Esquire of Creech Grange and Member of Parliament for Dorchester and Corge Castle and Poole, in 1729, married Leonora Sophia, daughter of Sir William-Dutton Colt, Envoy at the Court of Hanover). He died in 1746 and the estates devolved to his nephew John. This John Bond, Esquire of Creech Grange was born in 1717. He was a Member of Parliament for Corfe. In 1749, he married Mary, daughter and co-heir of Edmund Dummer of Swathling, and had the following issue: 1) John (his successor), 2) Right Hon Nathaniel (of Holme, Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle, Privy Council Judge Advocate General), 3) Thomas (of Egliston, Vicar of Coombe Kaines), 4) William (of Tyneham, Rector of Steelple-with-Tyneham, married Jane Biggs, had issue named William, John, Henry, Thomas, Jane, and Mary), 5) Margaret Sophia (married Reverend John Rogers of Berkeley House, Somerset), and 6) Mary (married Nichilas-Caesar Corsellis, Esquire of Wivenhoe Hall). The eldest son, John, was born in 1753 and succeeded his father in 1784. In 1798, he married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Lloyd of Cefncoed, county Cardigan, Wales, and had the following children with her: John (his heir), Nathaniel, Elizabeth (married Reverend Charles Onslow), and Leonora-Sophia (married Reverend William Buller in 1835). He was the High Sheriff of Cardiganshire and Creech. He was also a Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle. He died in 1824 and was succeeded by his son, also named John. This son John was an Esquire of Creech Grange, Member of Parliament for Corfe Castle, and High Sheriff of Doreset. He died in 1844 and was succeeded by his brother Nathaniel. The Reverend Nathaniel Bond of Creech Grange, Doreset, England, Rector of Steeple-with-Tyneham and Prebendary of Salisbury, was born in 1804. In 1835, he married Mary, daughter of John Hawkesworth of Forest, Queen’s County, and had the following issue with her: John (1838), Nathaniel (Justice of the Peace, married Lady Selina-Jane, had issue named John Wentworth Garneys, Denis Baynard de Kenton, Gerald Denis, Raymond Alured, Kenneth Duncobe, Nigel de Mundeville, Louisa Charlotte, Leonora Sophia, and Rachel Adela), Denis William (1842), George Hawkesworth (served in Queen’s Own Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalary), John Lloyd, and Leonora Sophia (married John Ramsay of Barra, county Aberdeen, Scotland). The Bond Coat of Arms for this branch of the family tree is blazoned in the medieval art of heraldry as follows: 1st and 4th, Bond (ancient), sable a fesse or; 2nd and 3rd, Bond of Cornwall, argent on a chevron sable three bezants. Crests: 1st, an eagle’s wings sable, charged with a fesse or; 2nd, a demi Pegasus azure, winged, and semee of estoiles or. Motto: Non sufficit orbis. This family was seated at Creech Grange, Isle of Purbeck, near Wareham, Dorset, England.
*William Bond was seated in West Buckland during the reign of King Henry VIII of England. He represented a younger branch of the Bonds of Hache Beauchamp. He died in in 1549 and left a wife named Dionese, who was the daughter of John Bourman of Hemyoke. He also had several issue: 1) William Bond (of Crosby Place, London, an Alderman and Chief of that city, had son named Martin, in his will gave a legacy to John Bond of Ingatestone, Essex), 2) Sir George Bond, Knight (Lord Mayor of London in 1587, ancestor of Sir Thomas Bond, who was created a Baronet, but the baronetcy became extinct in the Bond family in 1676).
One of the early progenitors, Robert Bonde was born 1378, Penryn, Cornwall, England. He married Elizabeth de Saltash and had a son named Robert. The son Robert was born in the same town in 1393 AD. He married Catherine de Lutton and they had a son named Robert. This Robert was born in Purbeck in 1428. He married Mary Hody and had a son with her named William. William Bond was born in the Isle of Purbeck in 1455. He married Elizabeth Prouz and he had two issue: Dennis and Edith.
Other Bond Pedigree & Family Trees
Walter Bond was born in Laycock, Wiltshire, England (modern day United Kingdom, once called Great Britain) in around 1550 AD. He had a son named Edward. This Edward was born in the same town in 1580. He married twice, once to a woman named Alice Shewringe. He had a son who was also named Edward. This son, Edward, was born in Laycock, England in 1625. He married Mary Moore and had a son with her named Benjamin. This son, Benjamin Bond was born in Laycock, Wiltshire, England in 1661. He married Ann Paradise and had the following issue with her: Benjamin, Susannah, James, Rebekah, Edward, Mary, John, and Joseph. Two of these sons, Joseph and John, ended up in colonial America and are discussed as follows:
1) Joseph Bond was born in Devizes, Wiltshire, England around 1704. In 1738, he married Martha Rogers in Richland, Pennsylvania. They had the following children together: Edward, Benjamin, Ruth (Walton), Stephen, Ann, Samuel, John, and John. His son Edward was born in Bucks, Pennsylvania in 1740. In 1764 in North Carolina, he married Elizabeth Ann Mills and had the following issue with her: Benjamin, Keziah (North), John, William, Edward, Anna (Bunker), Jesse Sr., Joshua, and Joseph. His son Jesse Sr. was born in Guilford County, North Carolina in 1779. He married Pheobe Commons and had two sons with her: William and Jesse Jr. His son Williams Commons Bond was born in Richmond, Indiana in 1808. He married Hannah Locke and had the following issue with her: Oliver S., Damaris Locke (Wright), Larkin T., and Martha Ellen. His son Oliver S. was born in Greensfork, Indiana in 1831 and passed away in Toledo, Ohio in 1929. More can be read about the pedigree or lineage of Joseph can be read in a book published here on Archive.org.
2) John Bond was born in Biddestone, Wiltshire, England in 1701. In 1725, he married Sarah Cadwallader in Abington, Pennsylvania. They had the following children together: Benjamin, John, Joseph, Abraham, Rebecca, John, Hannah (Garrett), Edward, Mary, and Isaac. His son Benjamin was born in Bucks, PA in 1726. He married Rosanna Miller and had the following issue: Amos, Anna (Yokum), Benjamin, Jonathan, Adam Deborah, Abraham, and Elizabeth. His son Abraham was born in Delaware, PA in around 1768. He married a woman named Elizabeth and had the following issue: Benjamin, Jonathan Cadwallader, Amos, Adam, Deborah, and Ann. His son Jonathan Cadwallader Bond was born in Ridley Towship, PA around 1789. He married Margaret Breece and had the following children with her: Henry, Cadwallader Dilworth, Adam J., Elizabeth, and Jonathan Plummer. His son Cadwallader Dilworth Bond was born in 1812. He married Susanna T. Breece and had the following children: Jonathan, Washington, Cadwallader Dilworth, Charles Walton, Ruth Ella, and Lewis Rice. His son Charles Walton Bond was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1855. He married Urania Thomas Knowles and had the following children with her: Ruth Ella, Rachel Farley, Charles Dilworth, and Rebekah. His daughter Ruth Ella was born in 1880. She married Charles Trexler Carter and had three issue with her: Charles Franklin, Elizabeth (Morrell) and Norman. She passed away in 1959.
Thomas Bond was born in England in 1540. He married Alice Woolpit. They had a son together named Jonas. Jonas Bond was born in Bury, St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England in 1568. He married Rose Woode and had three children with her: Jonathan, Thomas, and Margaret (Cross). His son Thomas was born in the same town in 1597. He married Elizabeth Woods and had two sons to her: John and William. The son, John Bond, was born in Suffolk, Englqand in 1624. He was recorded as living in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1642. There he married Esther Blakely and had the following children with her: John, Thomas, Joseph, Esther (Chase), Mary (Hibbard), and Abigail (Follanbee). His son Edward I was born in Beverly, Essex, Massachusetts in 1688. He married Elizabeth Coy and had a son with her named Edward. Edward II was born in the same town in 1714. He married Experience Stone and had two sons with her: Edward III and Benjamin. His son Benjamin was born in Massachusetts in 1743. He married Elizabeth Harwood and had a son with her named David. This son, David Bond, was born in Gloucester, MA in 1774. He married Susannah Taylor and they had a daughter named Susanna Goddard who married into the Rogers family. He passed away in 1847.
Early American and New World Settlers
The book Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers, mentions three bearers of this last name:
1) Grimestone Bond of Boston, MA, married Elizabeth, had children named Elizabeth (1683), Joseph (1685), and Mary.
2) John Bond of Newbury, Massachusetts, married Esther Blakely in 1649, had issue named John, Thomas, Joseph, Esther, Mary, and Abigail. He moved to Rowley and then Haverhill and died in 1675.
3) William Bond of Watertown, MA, 1649, son of Thomas, of Bury St. Edmunds, England, baptized in 1625 at St. James’ Church, likely came to colonial America aboard the fleet with Winthrop. He married Sarah, daughter of Nathaniel Briscoe. His second wife was Elizabeth, widow of John Nevinson. He had issue named William (1650), John (1662), Thomas, Elizabeth, Nathaniel, Sarah, Jonas, and Mary. The author states “He was a man of great energy”.
Samuell Bond was a prisoner (Monmouth’s Rebellion of 1685) who was sent to the New World. His master was Daniell Parsons. Thomas Bond came to Boston aboard the Elizabeth in 1679. Other settlers in colonial America bearing this surname include: Anders Bond (Philadelphia 1627), Edward Bond (Virginia 1636), Jonathan Bond (Virginia 1637), and Degery Bond (Virginia 1638).
In Canada, two of the earliest settlers bearing this name were Joseph Bond and Richard Bond who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749. In Australia, John Bond, a convict from Southampton, England came to Van Diemen’s Land (present day Tasmania) aboard the Arab in 1822. In 1823, George Bond, a convict from Huntingdon, England, came to Van Diemen’s Land aboard the Asia. Around 1830, John Bond, a carpenter by trade, came to New South Wales. In New Zealand, a one P. Bond came to the city of Auckland in 1840. In the same year, William Bond came to the city of Wellington. In 1860, James Bond came to Auckland aboard the Mermaid. In the following year, John Bond came to the same city aboard the Waterlily.
Early Americans Bearing the Bond Family Crest
Charles Bolton’s American Armory (1927) contains four entries for this surname:
1) Argent on a chevron sable 3 bezants Crest: a demi-pegasus azure semée of estoiles or. Motto: Non sufficit orbis Framed water color owned 1923 by Misses Emma and Elizabeth Harris, Holyoke Pl., Cambridge.
2) Argent on a chevron sable 3 bezants Crest: a demi-pegasus azure semée of estoiles or. Seal, New York.
3) Argent on a chevron sable 3 bezants Crest: a demi-Pegasus azure winged and guttée d’or.
4) Argent on a chevron sable 3 [bezants] Crest: a lion sejant. Motto: Deus pro videbit Bookplate T. Bond, surgeon, of Md., and Phila., 1712-1784. Engr. by W. Henshaw.
Crozier’s General Armory (1904) contains one entry for this last name:
William Bond of Watertown, Massachusetts, 1654, originally from Bury St. Edmunds, England. Arms: Argent, on a chevron sable three bezants. Crest: A demi-pegasus azure winged or. Motto: Non sufficit orbis.
Matthew’s American Armoury and Bluebook (1907) does not contain an entry for this name.
I have identified five Bond family mottoes:
1) Non sufilcit orbis (The world does not suffice)
2) Nemo me impune lacessit (No one provokes me with impunity)
3) Nec lusisse pudet, sed non incidere lusum (It does not shame me to have plated, but that I have not left off playing)
4) Impavide (Fearlessly) for Bond-Cabbell
5) Deus pro videbit (God will provide)
We have 13 coats of arms for the Bond surname depicted here. These 13 blazons are from Bernard Burke’s book The General Armory of England, Ireland, and Scotland, which was published in 1848. The bottom of this page contains the blazons, and in many instances contains some historical, geographical, and genealogical about where coat of arms was found and who bore it. People with this last name that bore an Bond Coat of Arms (or mistakenly called the Bond Family Crest)
1) Dennis Bond of Dorset, England, alteration by the appointment of Mr. Bysshe, Gart.
2) Captain William Bond of Chester, by Cooke
There are hundreds of notable people with the Bond surname. This page will mention a handful. Famous people with this last name include: 1) Francis Godolphin Bond (1765-1839) who was a Rear-Admiral in the British Navy who sailed on the HMS Providence to Tahiti, 2) Dennis Joseph Thomas Bond (1947) who was a professional English football (soccer) player from Walthamstow who played from 1964-1922 for four different teams including Watford and Tottenham Hotspur, 3) Edward Bond (1844-1920) who was a conservative politician in England who served in Parliament for Nottingham East from 1895-1906, 4) George Foote Bond (1915-1983) who was a physician and Captain in the US Navy who was born in Willoughby, Ohio who pioneered undersea and hyberbaric medicine, known as the “Father of Saturation Diving”, 5) George Bond (1683) was an English pirate active in the Caribbean sea who collaborated with Adolph Esmit, the Governor of St. Thomas, 6) Christopher Samuel Kit Bond (1939) who is a former US Senator from Missouri who served from 1987-2011 and the Governor of Missouri from 1973-1977 and again from 1981-1985, born in St. Louis, 7) Linda Bond (1946) who was the 19th General of the Salvation Army from 2011-2013 who was born in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada, 8) Oliver Bond (1760-1798) who was an Irish merchant turned revolutionary, a leader of the Society of United Irishmen, born in St. Johnston, county Donegal, Ireland, 9) Captain William Arthur Bond (1889-1917) who was a World War I flying ace born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, 10) William Key Bond (1792-1864) who served as a member of the US House of Representatives for Ohio from 1835-1841, born in Maryland, and 11) William Ross “Billy” Bond (1918-1970) who was a US Army Ranger who served in World War II and later attained the rank of Brigadier General, serving in the Korean War, and in the Vietnam, where he was killed in action.