Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Breton Name
Origin of Breton:
The origin of this interesting surname originally evolved from French and is a traditional name for a Breton. The Bretons were originally Celts forced from South West England to North West France in the 6th Century from the invasion of Anglo-Saxons. Some came back with the army of William the Conqueror in the war of 1066, and many of those then arrived in East Anglia where the English surname Brett is now spread widely. Sometimes, the name acquires from the Celtic-speaking people of Strathclyde, Scotland, who were famous as Byrttas and Brettas until the 13th Century. In the new phrase, the variation consists of Britt, Breton, Bretton and De Brett of Breton. Amid the previous documentations in London is the wedding of William Brett and Johanna Hayward in the year 1559, and in Norfolk, of Richard Brett and Elizabeth Leive in September 1552 at St. George’s, Colegate, Norwich. Diana De Brett married Henry Johnson in October 1802 at St. Mary’s, St. Marylebone, London.
More common variations of this surname are: Bretton, Brueton, Breeton, Bereton, Breaton, Brewton, Breyton, Breuton, Bureton, Bretone,
The name Breton first appeared in Essex where they were given estates by Lord William for their service at the Campaign of Hasting in 1066. The name existed several times all over the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 as John de Brytaygn in Cambridgeshire, Giffard le Bretun in Buckinghamshire, Hugo le Bretun in Suffolk and more. The Yorkshire census Tax Rolls of 1379 recorded as Alicia de Britten, Elias de Britton; and Ricardus Britton. Previous lists of Warwickshire organized the family in the village of Marston. “The area, anciently known as Breton’s Mannour, guarded by Guido Breton in the time of Henry IV, the castle has since gone with that of Wolston.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Edward Brit, which was dated 1066, in the Domesday Book of Devon. It was during the time of King William I, who was known to be the “The Conqueror,” 1066 – 1087.
Individuals with the surname Breton had left for Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
People with the surname Breton settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Breton who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Widow Breton at the age of 53, who arrived with her son Jean Pierre Breton, at the age of 17, in Charles Town in 1732. Mrs. Breton, at the age of 53, settled in South Carolina in 1732.
Some of the people with the name Breton who settled in the United States in the 19th century included J. Breton, at the age of 32, settled in New Orleans in 1820. Elizabeth Breton at the age of 28, who came in New York in 1820. James Breton, at the of 60, arrived in New Orleans in 1820. Rodrigo Breton, who arrived in Cartagena in 1834. Anton Breton came in New Spain in 1835.
Individuals with the surname Breton settled in Canada in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 18th. Some of the people with the name Breton who settled in the United States in the 17th century included Le Petit Breton, who arrived in Montreal in 1660.
Some of the people with the name Breton who settled in the United States in the 18th century included Samuel Breton, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1761.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Breton: United States 4,671; England 489; Canada 9,964; Dominican Republic 5,335; Spain 1,568, Colombia 1,188; Argentina 627; Morocco 470; Mexico 13,846; France 22,459.
André Breton (1896–1966), was a French writer and surrealist.
André Breton (1934-1992), was a singer, musician, and entertainer.
Didier Breton was a famous trade manager and merchant.
Joel Breton (born 1971), was a game designer, businessman.
Jules Adolphe Aime Louis Breton (1827–1906), was a famous French painter.
Malan Breton (born 1973), is an American fashionista.
Nicholas Breton was a poet of the 16th-century.
Thierry Breton (born 1955), is a chairman and administrator of Atos S.A.
Tomás Bretón (1850–1923), was a Spanish singer and songwriter.
Breton Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Breton blazon are the label, chevron, bar and mullet. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, azure and or .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
The label holds a special place in heraldry, originlly being a temporary mark, used by the oldest son while his father was still alive. In appearance it is a horizontal bar near the top of the shield from which descend 3 or 5 “points” or small rectangles descending from the bar. In more recent use it has come to used as charge in its own right and may have additional charges on each point, which can create a pleasing visual effect.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
The bar is a thin, horizontal stripe across the centre of the shield , usually in groups of two or three (any more and there would be confusion with barry, a treatment of horizontal lines of alternating colours). Bars can be a distinctive and easily recognised device, early examples include those awarded by Henry III of England to the family MAUDYT Argent, two bars gules.