Blazons & Genealogy Notes1) Ar. a chev. betw. three martlets sa. a chief engr. vert.
2) Ar. three wall stones in pale or.
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Brickley is a name that was brought to England by the ancestors of the Brickley family when they moved to the region after the Norman Invasion in 1066. The Brickley family resided in the district of Gloucestershire, where the family held the important title of the Lords of Berkeley Castle. Norman surnames characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely because the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since old authors and parish officials noted names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the similar individual referred to with different spellings. The name has spelled Berkley, Berkeley, Berkely and much more.
More common variations are: Brickeley, Bricklley, Brickloey, Brickle, Brickly, Brilkley, Bricley, Brckley, Brackley, Brockley.
The surname Brickley first located in Gloucestershire where the family name dropped from Thomas de Berkeley, Lord of Berkeley Manor, who declined from Robert FitzHarding, a Viking of royal blood, and one of the associates at Arms of William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Some of the first recordings of the name include as Robert de Berkeley, 3rd feudal Baron Berkeley (c.1165-1220), Thomas I de Berkeley, 4th feudal Baron Berkeley (c.1170-1243), and Maurice II de Berkeley, 5th feudal Baron Berkeley (1218-1281.) This line continued with like Thomas II de Berkeley, lst Baron Berkeley (1245-1321), Maurice III de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley (1271-1326), Thomas III de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley (1293-1361), Maurice IV de Berkeley, 4th Baron Berkeley (1330-1368), and Thomas IV de Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley (1352/53-1417.) Berkeley in Gloucestershire was the original family seat. “From the fertility of the soil, and its contiguity to the river Severn, it was always a place of considerable importance, and at a very early time, it gave a name to the great estate of Berkeley, which during the heptarch was held of the crown, at £500. 17. 2. per annum, by Roger de Berkeley, a near relative of Edward the Confessor, and king of Dursley, from whom the earliest authentic pedigree of the Berkeley family gathered. Berkeley, notwithstanding the residence of the oldest sections of the family in their castle at Dursley, was a market-town and had a nunnery organized with the large estate. A few years afterward, William the Champion, professing high regard for all the relatives of Edward the Confessor, given the estate of Berkeley to Roger Berkeley, of Dursley, by whose descendants it held till the reign of Henry II.” The church of Slimbridge in Gloucestershire was also an early home to the family. ” The church is bounded on the north by the Severn and contains by measurement 3392 acres, of which the greater part is the property of the Berkeley family. The Gloucester and Berkeley canal and the Gloucester and Bristol Railroad cross it.” Wooton Under Edge, again in Somerset was another old family seat. ” On the erection of the new town, a market and fair, with many municipal rights, given by Henry III to Maurice, Lord Berkeley, in 1254, which laid the foundation of its subsequent importance. During the civil war of the 17th century, a garrison maintained here in the interest of the king.”
Many of the people with surname Brickley had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Individuals with the surname Brickley settled in Canada in the 18th century. Some of the people with the surname Brickley who came to Canada in the 18th century included Mr. James Brickley U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick near the year 1783.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Brickley: United States 2,551; England 344; Ireland 142; France 73; Australia 58; Wales 45; Scotland 26; Canada 25; New Zealand 17; Russia 12.
Andy Brickley (born 1961), was an American ice hockey player and grandson of George Brickley.
The four main devices (symbols) in the Brickley blazon are the chevron, martlet, wall stone and chief engrailed. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, or and sable .
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 8Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 10A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.11The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 14The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
Architectural items, from individual components to entire buildings 15Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 92 feature frequently as charges In a coat of arms. Not surprisingly, considering the times from which many arms date, fortifications are common. The wall Is a typical example of an object from the world of architecture adopted, occaisionally on its own but more often as an adjunt of a tower. More rarely, a single Wall stone is illustrated.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|2.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert|
|3.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27|
|4.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27|
|5.||↑||A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85|
|6.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|7.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable|
|8.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26|
|9.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35|
|10.||↑||A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)|
|11.||↑||The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859|
|12.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45|
|13.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet|
|14.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79|
|15.||↑||Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 92|