Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Notes: (confirmed to Robert Colvin, Esq., of Lough Eske, co. Donegal). Motto—In hoc signo vinces. Blazon: Argent a cross moline gules on a canton azure a trefoil slipped or. Crest—A hind’s bead couped argent charged with a trefoil slipped vert.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Colvin Coat of Arms and Family Crest
The name Colvin is thought to have derived from one of three sources. The first states the name or any variation of its spelling may be derived the Old Welsh given name Coluin. The second source of origin is considered topographical in nature, as the name is thought to have been derived from the town Colleville in the province Seine Martime in Normandy. The third origin states the name Colvin of any variation of its spelling is thought to be derived from the Irish name Mac Conluain which translates to “The son (child) of the famous hero.”
Variations of the name include; Colvin, Collewen, Colwenne, Colwenn, Colwen, Culwenne, Culewen, and Culwen among others. The variation in spelling of names during this time period can be attributed to a lack of continuity regarding guidelines for spelling which was compounded by the diversity of languages in use in European countries at this time.
The earliest record of any variation of the name is that of Wlfwinus Colewin which appears in the Derbyshire “Pipe Rolls” from 1210. The Pipe Rolls often times called the “Great Rolls” were a series of census tax records kept by the English Treasury by order of King John, with the oldest dating back to the 12th century. They hold the distinction of being the oldest consecutive set of records detailing English governance in the United Kingdom. These records span a period of over 700 years and have proven invaluable to researches over the years.
The first recorded immigrant to America bearing the surname Colvin or any variation of the spelling was William Colvin who landed and settled in Maryland in 1714. Hugh Colvin landed and settled in Pennsylvania in 1773. James Colvin landed in 1806 and settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Worldwide, the highest concentration of people with the surname Colvin are found in the United States, British Commonwealth and Ireland,. By state, the largest percentile of those with the surname Colvin live in Alabama.
There are many persons of note who bear the surname Colvin. Sir Auckland Colvin was a British national born in Calcutta, India. Colvin served as a colonial administrator in both India and Egypt. He served in many other capacities as well; in Egypt he was the comptroller general, financial adviser to the Khediva, and Lieutenant-governor in the North-West Provinces of India. For his services he was awarded Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India, Knight Commander of the Order of St. Micheal and St. George, and Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire.
British architectural historian, Sir Howard Colvin was highly respected and considered by his peers to be one of the top scholars in his field. Educated at University College London, he was made a Fellow at Oxford’s St. John’s College in 1948. Throughout his career he served on or was a member of the Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, the Historical Buildings Council, the Fine Arts Commission, and he served as president of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain. He was published author and in 1995 he was knighted being awarded the Royal Victorian Order and Order of the British Empire.
Marie Colvin was a journalist and war correspondent and although she was American she worked for The Sunday Times, a British newspaper. Colvin attended Yale University where she majored in anthropology; however, after taking a course taught by John Hersey, a Pulitzer Prize winning writer, she decided she wanted to be a journalist. A year after graduating, she went to work for United Press International (UPI), eventually being appointed UPI’s Paris bureau manager, from UPI she moved to The Sunday Times.
Colvin specialized in reporting on the Middle East and was The Sunday Times Middle East correspondent for nine years. Notably, during her stint as the Middle East correspondent, she was the first journalist to interview Muammar Qaddafi after the U.S. Military strikes on Libya in 1986. In 1995, Colvin was assigned as the Foreign Affairs correspondent for The Sunday Times, while she still covered the Middle East, she also began to cover such conflict hot spots like Chechnya, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, East Timor and Zimbabwe. While in East Timor, she is credited with helping to save the lives of over a thousand women and children. For her actions she won the International Women’s
Media Foundation for Courage in Journalism. Colvin died tragically in 2012 while cover the atrocities occurring in war torn Syria at that time.
Colvin Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Colvin blazon are the cross moline, trefoil and hind’s head. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, azure and or .
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross, typically involving patterning along the edges , or fanciful, decorative endings to the arms of the cross . The cross moline is typical of these whereby each arm of the cross expands and curves outwards, reminscent of the fer-de-moline from which it gets its name. These cross variations are probably largely for decorative effect, and to differentiate the arms from similar ones and hence their significance is that of the Christian cross itself.
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The trefoil may originally been a representation of a specific plant (perhaps shamrock) but it has been used as a symbol almost since the beginning of heraldry and over time has adopted a stylised aspect. . Guillim believes that it signifies “perpetuity…the just man shall never wither”.
Many different forms of the deer, hart, roe-buck and other appear in rolls of arms, though often of similar appearance. The precise choice of animal possibly being a reference to the family name. If there is any symbology intended it is probably that of enjoyment of the hunt, deer in all its form being a popular prey.