Cramond Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Cramond Family Coat of Arms

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Cramond Coat of Arms Meaning

Cramond Name Origin & History

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Cramond Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Cramond blazon are the pelican and bend. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, or and argent .

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The pelican is often associated with parenthood and “devoted and self sacrificing charity”. 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P77-78 It is almost always shown with its young in their nest (in its piety) or pricking its breast in readiness to feed its young with its own blood (vulning herself. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Pelican

The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Cramond Name

Cramond Origin:

Scotland

Origins of Cramond:

This is a Sottish locational surname from the land known as “The lands of Cramond” in Midlothian. The name is old, the history dating back to at least 1289, when William de Caramund as spelled, held the very older post of “clericus” to Sir Alexander Bailiol, the chamberlain of Scotland. The post of “clericus” the later clerk, was of great importance in old times. It imported both a person who could read and write, limited success in those far-off days, but also one who had had a university or abbey education. Being a “clericus” may have almost been a family business for the Cramonds , as John de Cramound, who was almost absolutely closely related, held a similar post north of the Firth of Forth in the year 1292. Other early records include Laurence de Craumound of Forfarshire who gave homage to the government of John Baliol in 1296, while later Thomas Crawmount, was noted as being a merchant, was given safe passage to England in 1476. The Royal symbol given to William de Caramund in 1278 has the blazon of a blue shield carried with a gold bend, between three silver pelicans feeding their young. Heraldically the pelican was renowned for its wise ways.

Variations:

More common variations are: Crammond, Craumond, Craymond, Cramont, Cramond, Gramond, Cormond, Crimond, Kramond, Crymond.

France:

The surname Cramond first appeared in Gascony (French: Gascogne), an area of southwest France bordering Spain, that was part of the “County of Guyenne and Gascony” before the French Reformation, where the family held a family seat from ancient times.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Cramond had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Cramond landed in the United States in the 18th century. Some of the people with the name Cramond who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included James Cramond settled in Philadelphia in the year 1795.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Cramond: Australia 266; England 210; New Zealand 204; United States 160; Scotland 125; Canada 18; South Africa 3; Kenya 1; Ireland 1; Germany 1.

Notable People:

Zoe Cramond (born 1984) is a New Zealand actress. After graduating from Unitec Institute of Technology, she appeared in many theatre productions and television commercials. She made appearances in Outrageous Fortune and Shortland Street, before deciding to give up her acting job to study graphic design. She returned to acting after being cast in the television film Crush at Rock Island and Go Girls. In 2011, she entered the cast of comedy-drama Packed to the Rafters as Emma Mackey, marking her first major role.

Albert Cramond (December 1881 –June 1954) was a New Zealand cricket player. He played one first-class match for Otago in 1904 to 1905.

Cramond Family Gift Ideas

Browse Cramond family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Auldbar, Scotland; William de Cramond is designed Clericus de Warderoba Domini Regia, in a charter of John de Strathern, 1278). Az. a bend or, betw. three pelicans feeding their young ar.
2) (Capt. William Cramond, 1704). Motto—Vulnera temno. Az. on a bend or, three pelicans ppr. a bordure embattled of the second. Crest—A pelican vulned ppr.
3) Ar. a bend (another, betw. three hearts) gu.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P77-78
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Pelican
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49