Origin, Meaning, Family History and Crane Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname of Crane is of both English and Scottish origin, and derives from an Anglo-Saxon nickname given to a tall thin man, or someone who has long, thing legs—who is said to have resembled a bird. This nickname stems from the Old English words “cran,” “cranuc,” “cron,” “cronuc,” “cren,” and “crenuc,” which all mean crane, but later came to include a heron.
More common variations are:
Cran, Crann, Craine, Craney, Creane, Cranie, Crayne, Carane, Corane, Craane, Cranne, Chrane
The first recorded spelling of the surname Crane is recorded as Osbert Crane in the year 1177, and found in the Pipe Rolls of Cambridgeshire, under the reign of King Henry II, who was also known as “The Builder of Churches” and ruled from the year 1154 to the year 1189. Those who bear the surname Crane in England most often reside in the counties of Lancashire, Yorkshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Leicestershire, Middlesex, and the city of London. Other mentions of this surname of Crane include Jordan Crane, who was named in the Curia Rolls of Essex in the year 1219, William le Crane, who was named in the Feet of Fines of Essex in the year 1235, and Thomas le Cran, who was named in the Assize Rolls of Somerset in the year 1243. One man named William Crane served as the water-bailiff for both the town and harbor of Dartmouth, Devon, from the year 1509 to the year 1510. William Crane also was the controller of the tonnage and poundage in customs in the Port of London in the year 1514. Another man named Sir Frances Crane was the secretary to Charles I, who was the Prince of Wales. Sir Frances Crane was rumored to have created three baronets in the year 1619.
In Scotland, those who bear the surname of Crane are often found in Aberdeenshire and Ayrshire. Lanarkshire County is said to have the highest population of people who bear this surname in all of Scotland.
During the European Migration, many English immigrants left their homeland in search of a new and prosperous life. A rather large number of these immigrants landed in the United States of America and settled in the states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, New York, and Maine. The first person of these English citizens who was recorded as bearing the surname of Crane was a man named Richard Crane. Richard Crane was thirty-two years of age when he embarked on the journey from London aboard the “Thomas” in the year 1635, and settled in this New World state of Virginia.
In the 19th century, many European citizens emigrated to Australia in search of work, and a better life for their families. The first group of people to embark on this journey with the recorded surname of Crane was a family who landed in Adelaide, Australia. Samuel Crane, who was twenty-five years of age, Louisa Crane, who was twenty-four years of age, Daniel Crane, who was twenty-three years of age, Elizabeth Crane, who was twenty-one years of age, and Mary Crane, who was five years of age, all sailed aboard the ship named the “Isabella Watson” in the year 1845.
The German variation of the name would be Kranich and Krahn.
The name is found in the Netherlands as the surname Krane.
United States 46,688
South Africa 1,023
New Zealand 409
David Crane (born in 1957) who is an American producer and writer
Harold Hart Crane (1899-1932) who was an American poet, and writer of the well-known poem “The Bridge”
Robert Kellogg Crane (1919-2010) who was a biochemist from America, who is credited with the innovation of sodium-glucose cotransport, and was the recipient of the Dr. Harold Lamport Award from the New York Academy of Sciences in the year 1977
Brigadier-General William Carey Crane (1891-1978) who was a Commanding General in the Artillery IV Corps from the year 1944 to the year 1945, and was from America
Major-Genera John Alden Crane (1885-1951) who was the former Chief of American Section in the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria from 1944 to the year 1945, and was from America
A. Harry Crane, who was a Delegate to the Republican Convention from Kansas in 1944, served as the Kansas Republican State Chair 1945, and was an American Republican politician
A. Peter Crane, who was the Representative from Utah in the 2nd District in 1992, was also an American politician
Crane Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Crane blazon are the crane, staff raguly, annulet and cross pattee. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and or.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crane, heron and stork are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same stylised appearance . Guillim reckons the stork to the “emblem of filial duty” and also the “symbol of a grateful man”.
The staff raguly or ragged staff frequently occurs in heraldry and is intended to show a rough-hewn branch for use as a walking aid or club, and sometimes appear in flame at the top. Famously, a ragged staff appears with a bear in the arms associated with the family and county of Warwick in England.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the annulet is a good example, being a circular ring of any colour. They also appear interlaced or one within the other, both of which are very pleasing additions. Wade believes that these were one of the symbols of ancient pilgrims.