Craw Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Craw Family Coat of Arms

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Craw Coat of Arms Meaning

Craw Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Crawe.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Craw. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Craw Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Craw blazon are the crow, per chevron, mullet and cinquefoil. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, gules and or .

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 2A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.4The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.7Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.9Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233. In truth, despite the proliferation of species, the actual depictions can sometimes be hard to distinguish! The crow, raven, rook and many older names are commonly to be found on a coat of arms but all tend to share the same appearance 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P164. Wade discusses the symbolism of the crow, disputing Sloane-Evans suggestion as an emblem of “long life” and preferring “a settled habitation and a quiet life” instead. 12The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P81

To add variety and interest to the arms, heraldic artists began to divide the background of the shield into two parts, giving each a different colour. They were named for the ordinary that they most resembled, so the division of the shield by an inverted ‘V’ shape, similar to the ordinary known as the chevron came to be called per chevron 13Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P63. Visually rather striking, it can be even more effective if one charge is placed below the point, and two others above and to the sides. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Party. Wade considers the use of the per chevron division to indicate “constancy, with peace and Sincerity”. 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 16Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 17A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 18The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Craw Name

Craw Origin:

England, Ireland

Origins of Craw:

This surname, with various spellings such as Crow, has two different possible sources, one English and the other Gaelic Irish. In the first example, the source is from the Middle English “crowe” (Olde English “crawa”), which means “crow,” and formerly provided as a nickname to a person considered to bear an imagined similarity to the bird, maybe a person with especially dark hair. The surname from this origin first develops on the register in the late part of the 12th Century. Other early documentations contain a Nicholas Crowe, in the 1187 Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, and William Croe, in the Hundred Rolls of Suffolk, dated 1273. One Thomas Crow, listed in Registers of the Jurisdiction of Dunblane, shows to be the first Scottish name carrier. In Ireland, the surname Crow(e) is used as an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic surname “Mac Enchroe” from an initial “Mac Conchradha,” “son of Conchradha,” a particular name including the component “con,” which means follower. The Slogan “Skeagh mac en chroe” is joined to the Coat of Arms for the Crow(e) family of Division Clare. Mitford Crow, Colonel and British consular agent, became administrator of Barbados in 1707

Variations:

More common variations are: Cgraw, Caraw, Crraw, Crauw, Coraw, Craow, Creaw, Curraw, Carraw, Cawraw.

England:

The surname Craw first appeared in Lancashire at Cranshaw (Cronkshaw) in the church of Rochdale or Bury. One of the first registers of the name was William de Crounkeshawe who was noted there in 1412. Cranshaws Castle or Cranshaws Tower is a 15th-century pele near the hamlet of Cranshaws in Berwickshire, Scotland. The palace considered being the motivation for “Ravenswood Palace,” home of Edgar, the hero of Sir Walter Scott’s play the Bride of Lammermoor.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Ailwin Crawe, dated about 1180, in the “Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire.” It was during the time of King Henry II who was known to be the “The Builder of Churches”, dated 1154-1189. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varietions of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Craw had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Craw landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Craw who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Samll Craw, who came to Virginia in 1664.

The following century saw much more Craw surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Craw who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Daniel Craw, who landed in Florida in 1765.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Craw: United States 1,418; Philippines 387; New Zealand 381; England 253; Scotland 203; Australia 201; Canada 82; Brazil 79; South Africa 73; Spain 3.

Notable People:

Demas Thurlow “Nick” Craw (April 1900 – November 1942) was an American Army Air Forces officer and a winner of the United States military’s highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his efforts in World War II.

Garvie Craw (January 1948 – July 2007) was an American football player. He played college football at the University of Michigan from the year 1967 to the year 1969.

Pavel Kravar (near the year 1391-July 1433), or Paul Crawar, Paul Craw, was a Hussite emissary from Bohemia who was burned at the stake for heresy at St Andrews in Scotland in July in the year 1433. He was the first of a series of religious reformers who were sainted in the town throughout the development of the subsequent Protestant Reformation. (The others being: Patrick Hamilton in 1528, Henry Forest in 1533, George Wishart in 1546, and Walter Myln in 1558).

Charles D. Craw (c.1941-present), is a Naval Chief Petty Officer out of the U.S.S. Sea Robin (SS 407).

Craw Family Gift Ideas

Browse Craw family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Auchencraw, co. Berwick). Per chev. vert and gu. three crows ar.
2) (East Reston, co. Haddington). Motto: Cui debeo fidus. Per chev. embattled vert and gu. three crows ar. Crest—An eagle guard. ppr. beaked and armed gu.
3) (Netherbyre, Scotland). Motto—God is my safety. The same Arms, within a bordure counterchanged of the second and first. Crest—A crow ppr.
4) Az. on a chev. betw. ten cinquefoils ar. three mullets gu. Crest—A hawk with wings expanded ar. charged on the breast with a cinquefoil sa.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
3. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
4. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
5. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
9. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P233
11. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P164
12. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P81
13. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P63
14. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Party
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150
16. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
17. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
18. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105