Crockford Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Crockford Name
Origins of Crockford:
This unusual surname is of English geographical origin from “Crockford Bridge” in the church of Chertsey, Surrey or “Crockford Water,” which means a stream flowing into Sowley pond, near Lymington in southwest Hampshire. The first component in both placenames may be the Old English word “croc(ca)”, which means a pot, used to show a hallow on the ground or in a place where potsherds (fragments of pottery appeared), or the Old Norse “Krokr”, (Middle English “crok”) which means “bend”, or “cruc”, the Old British word for hill. The second component is the Old English “ford,” which means a Ford. One William de Crockford noted in 1332, in the Premium Rolls of Surrey. One John Crockford named at St. Mary, Guilford, Surrey in December 1550, while Emannel, son of Edward Crockford was named at Egham in Surrey in January 1580. Elizabeth Crockford married Richard Field at Chertsey, Surrey in December 1664. William Crockeford (1775-1844), originally a fishmonger, set up a famous gambling club “Crockford’s Club” in 1827, out of which he amassed 1,200,000 shillings in a few years.
More common variations are: Crokford, Crocford, Crackford, Crookford, Crochford, Crockfort, Corckford, Crickford, Crgwford, Kirkford.
The origins of the surname Crockford appeared in Surrey where people held a family seat from early times. Some say before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Richard de Crocford, dated about 1214, in the “Pipe Rolls of Surrey,” It was during the time of King John, who was known to be the “Lackland,” dated 1199-1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Crockford had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Crockford landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 18th. Some of the people with the name Crockford who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included James Crockford who landed in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1651. James Crockford, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1651. Robert Crockford, who landed in Maryland in 1677.
The following century saw more Crockford surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Crockford who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included John Crockford landed in Boston in 1750.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Crockford: England 1,780; Australia 598; United States 558; Canada 474; Scotland 105; Wales 79; South Africa 73; New Zealand 57; Malta 52; Northern Ireland 48.
Eric Bertram Crockford (October 1888 –January 1958) was a British field hockey player who took part in the 1920 Summer Olympics. He was a member of the British field hockey team, which won the gold medal. He also played first-class cricket for Warwickshire in 21 matches between 1911 and 1922.
Harold Arthur Crockford (September 1893 – December 1983) was an English football player who played for Chatham, Vicar of Wakefield, Fulham, Exeter City, Port Vale, Chesterfield, Gillingham, Accrington Stanley, Walsall, Darlington, Norwich City, Bedford Town and Tunbridge Wells Rangers. The Greater Sudbury municipal election, 2006 was held in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada in November 2006.
William Crockford (1776–1844) was an English Regency businessman horse racing enthusiast and proprietor of the infamous gambling club Crockford’s who then became one of the richest men in England.
Crockford Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Crockford blazon are the trefoil and parchment. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The trefoil may originally been a representation of a specific plant (perhaps shamrock) but it has been used as a symbol almost since the beginning of heraldry and over time has adopted a stylised aspect. 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Trefoil. Guillim believes that it signifies “perpetuity…the just man shall never wither”. 8A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P109
Although we expect to find fierce creatures and fearsome weapons depicted in a coat of arms this is not always the case – sometimes simple household objects are used 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281. The parchment is a typical example of this. Sometimes these objects were chosen for the familiarity they would have for the obsever, helping them identify the owner, and sometimes they were used because of some association with the owner, or a similarity to the family name. 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 100 The parchment may be rolled or have words written upon it.