Crozier Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Crozier Coat of Arms and Family Crest
England, France, Scotland
Origin of Crozier:
This fascinating surname derives from early Ancient English and French origin, and is a professional surname for the bearer of a cross or of the cross at a monastery. The surname may also use by an individual who formed and sold crosses or an individual living by a cross. The surname derives from the Middle English and Old French word “Croisier” or “Crocier”, authentically obtained from the Old French word “Crois”, which means cross, but after sometimes also related with “Croce” which means “criminal.” Professional surnames represented the real profession of the name holder, and after sometimes it appeared as familial. The previous documentation of the surname is originated as “Croyser”, although other forms of this origin are “Crozier, Crosier, and Crosser”. Joseph Crozier named in March 1713 at St. Botolph, Bishopsgate in London. The coat of arms most related with the name has the description of a blue shield, on a silver fess between three gold crosses crosscut placed in the direction, as several black marlets.
More common variations of this surname are: Croizier, Crouzier, Crozeier, Croazier, Crosier, Grozier, Crazier, Corzier, Crezier, Cryzier.
The surname Crozier firstly originated in Liddesdale, where they held a family seat from ancient times, some say well before the Norman Invasion and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of William le Croyser, which was dated 1264, in the “Eynsham Cartulary”. It was during the time of King Henry III, known as “The Frenchman,” 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Crozier settled in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Crozier who settled in the United States in the 17th century included William Crozier landed in Virginia in 1636.
Some of the individuals with the name Crozier who settled in the United States in the 19th century included Win Crozier at the age of 26, landed in New York, NY in 1803. William Crozier, Livy Crozier, and Agnes Crozier all these people arrived in America in the same year in 1805. Agnes Crozier arrived in New England in 1805.
Some of the people with the name Crozier who settled in the Australia in the 19th century included John Crozier at the age of 44, was a laborer, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship “Telegraph”. John Crozier at the age of 20, who was also a worker arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship “Amazon”.
Some of the people with the name Crozier who settled in the New Zealand in the 19th century included George Crozier arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Queen of the Avon” in 1859.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Crozier: United States 5,677; England 2,759; Australia 1,617; Germany 235; Canada 2,265; South Africa 931; Northern Ireland 918; Scotland 512; New Zealand 464; France 1,788.
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Crozier Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Crozier blazon are the fleur-de-lis, cross and stag. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.3Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 4A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 3. The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P134 and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P489
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 47. Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. In its basic form, the cross is created from two broad bands of colour at right angles covering the whole extent of the shield. It has been subject to all manner of embellishment, and the interested reader is referred to the references, especially Parker’s Heraldic dictionary for many examples of these. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cross 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P106 12A Treatise on Heraldry, J. Woodward, W & A.K Johnston, Edinburgh & London, 1896, P160-173 Suffice it to say that any armiger would be proud to have such an important device as part of their arms.
We should be surprised to find the stag or buck, noble quarry of many a mediaeval hunt, being illustrated in many a coat of arms. 13Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 69. It shares many of the poses to be found with the lion, but also one almost unique to the deer, grazing, as if the animal is still unaware of the hunter’s approach. 14A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Deer. In common with all symbols related to the hunt we probably need look further for their intended meaning than the pleasure taken by the holder in such pursuits! 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P30