Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (granted to William Ewart, Esq. of Glenmachan House, co. Down, and Glenbank, co. Antrim). Motto—In cruce spero. Or, three swords, two in saltire and one in fess betw. a cross crosslet fitchee in chief and a dexter hand couped in base gu. Crest—A hand erect, gauntleted ppr. holding a cross crosslet fitchee gu.
2) (Scotland). Ar. on a fesse az. betw. a dexter hand couped in chief and a heart in base gu. two swords in saltire of the field, hilted and pommelled or.
Origin, Meaning, Family History and Ewart Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Ewart:
This interesting name is defensibly at least English with some Scottish influence. It has three possible sources. The first is geographical from the hamlet of Ewart in the church of Doddington in Northumberland, England. It listed as Ewurthe in the Pipe Rolls of the district in 1218 and means “The enclosure by the river,” from the pre 7th-century word “ea,” which means a river, and “worth,” which means a courtyard. It was proved by the reality that Ewart is covered by the rivers Glen and Till. The first documentations of the name is from this source. The second possible origin is from the Norman French form of the provided name Edward, which was “Ewart or Ewert,” and listed in the popular Domesday Book of 1086. The name means “success-guard,” from components “ead” and “weard.” Finally, it may be a professional name for a shepherd, from the Middle English word “ewehirde.” Examples of documentations contain as the wedding of John Ewart and Mabell Athey at Berwick upon Tweed, in June 1620.
More common variations are: Yewart, Eweart, Euwart, Ewyart, Ewhart, Eart, Yeowart, Ewhardt, Eowaort, Eweartt.
The origins of the surname Ewart appeared in Roxburghshire where people held a family seat from early times. Some say better before the invasion of Normans and the entrance of Duke William at Hastings 1066 A.D.
The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert de Ewrth, dated about 1242, in the “Fees Court Records of Northumberland.” It was during the time of King Henry III who was known to be the “The Frenchman,” dated 1216 – 1272. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Ewart had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Ewart landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Ewart who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included George, James, and John Ewart, all arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the same year 1786.
The following century saw much more Ewart surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Ewart who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included George Ewart and William Ewart, both landed in New York in 1818. John Ewart, who arrived in New York in 1822.
Some of the individuals with the surname Ewart who landed in Australia in the 19th century included William Ewart arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Sir Charles Forbes” in the year 1839.
Some of the population with the surname Ewart who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included John Ewart came to Nelson aboard the ship “John Masterman” in the year 1857.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Ewart: United States 2,680; England 2,043; Canada 1,100; Australia 914; Jamaica 571; Scotland 538; New Zealand 362; South Africa 274; Northern Ireland 250; France 135.
Alfred James Ewart (1872–1937), was an English-Australian biologist.
Charles Ewart (1769–1846), was a Scottish soldier.
David Ewart (20th century), is a Canadian builder.
Douglas Ewart (born 1946), is a multi-instrumentalist and instrument manufacturer.
Ewa Ewart was a Polish documentary film producer.
Frank Ewart (1876–1947) was a Oneness Pentecostal Messenger and writer.
Gavin Ewart (1916–1995), was a British poet.
Hamilton G. Ewart (1849–1918), was a representative of the United States House of Representatives.
Ivan Ewart (1919–1995), was a Northern Irish naval officer, businessperson and charity worker.
J. S. Ewart (1849–1933), was a Canadian advocate and writer.
James Cossar Ewart (1851–1933), was a biologist.
John Albert Ewart (20th century), is a Canadian designer.
John Ewart (1928–1994), was an Australian actor.
John Ewart (architect) (1788–1856), was a Canadian designer and businessman.
Peter Ewart (1767–1842), was a famous British engineer.
Ewart Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Ewart blazon are the sword, hand, heart and cross crosslet fitchee. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and gules.
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines . Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms . Indeed, the sheer variety of different swords can be bewildering and expaining the difference between a scimitar and a falchion is perhaps best left to the expert! If a charge is described just as a simple sword then it will have a straight blade and cross handle, that may be of a different colour, and, unless specified, points upwards. Wade, quoting the earlier writer Guillim, signifies the use of the sword as representing “Government and Justice”.
The hand, unless we are told otherwise is a dexter (right) hand shown palm outwards and fingers upwards.. It demonstrates faith, sincerity and justice, and in the form of two right hands clasped can mean union or alliance. There is a special form called the “Hand of Ulster” which is a sinister hand gules on an argent background (a left hand, red upon white). Originally the Badge of Ulster, the Province of Northern Ireland, it has come to be used as an addition to existing arms, in an escutcheon (small shield) or canton (small square) to indicate that the holder is also a Baronet.
The heart is represented by the conventional symbol that we see today on playing cards. In later arms it can also appear emflamed and crowned. Guillim, the 17th century heraldic author, believes that it shows the holder to be a “man of sincerity…who speaks truth from his heart”.