Ewing Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Ewing Family Coat of Arms

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Ewing Coat of Arms Meaning

Ewing Name Origin & History

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Ewing Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Ewing blazon are the moon, mullet, chevron and sun. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, gules and argent .

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

It should come as no surprise that items from the natural world are frequently adopted for use in the coat of arms 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P294. Celestial objects and natural phenomena have been given simple, easily identified representations. The moon Is typical of charges derived from natural objects, and being emblematic of “serene power the mundane” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106. It can be shown in various phases, known as incresent (facing right), decrescent (facing left), or if full then with a human face. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:moon

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 11Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 12A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 14A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.15The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 16The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Ewing Name

Ewing Origin:

Ireland, Scotland

Origins of Name:

The surname of Ewing is a patronymic surname, meaning it comes from the derivative of “son of Ewan.” The name Ewan is of a Scottish origin, and is an Anglicized form of the Irish Gaelic personal name of Eogann. Today, this name is acknowledged as being a Gaelic form of the Latin personal name “Eugenius” which derives from the Greek personal name of “Eugenios” which translates to meaning well-born, and noble. “Eugenios” was once believed to be a form of the personal name John, which was derived from the Hebrew name “Johanan” which means Jehovah has favored thee. Another possible origin of this name is a proto-Celtic name which means “born of the yew.” This name was first recorded as a personal name in the Doomsday Book of 1086 (which encompassed the “Great Survey”) for the county Herefordshire, and was recorded as “Ewen” and “Ewei” as a personal, first name, rather than a surname.

Variations:

More common variations are:

Ewen, Ewens, Eweing, Euwing, Ewingg, Eiwing, Ewuing, Yewing, Ewinng, Ewinng, Eing, Ewng, Hewen, Yewen, Ewings, Youens, Eunson, Hewins

History:

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname Ewing, was in the Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire which was recorded as Walter Ywain in 1202, and under the reign of King John, who was known as “Lackland” and ruled from the year 1199 to the year 1216.

Scotland:

The surname of Ewing came from the Dalriadan clans of ancient Scotland, and the Ewing family was first established in the region of western Scotland known as Argyllshire, and corresponding to the ancient Kingdom of Dal Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland. This area is now a part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute, where the Ewing family has been said to have held a family seat since ancient Scottish times. In Scotland, the first recorded spelling of the Ewing surname was in Dovenaldus Ewain, who was documented in the year 1164. Because this name was derived from a Gaelic word, the spelling may vary from location to location. Many Scottish people bearing the surname of Ewing migrated to North America, settling mostly in the United States, but then migrating North to Canada during the Revolutionary war. The first recorded person bearing the surname Ewing to migrate to the United States of America was Thomas Ewing, who arrived in Long Island, New York in the year 1718. In the 19th Century, John Ewing settled in America in 1803, and William Ewing arrived in America in 1809, while Wm Ewing, who was twenty-five years of age, settled in the state of Virginia in the year 1812. In the year 1815, Alexander D. Ewing landed in the city of New York, New York , and Christina Ewing, who was twenty-four years of age, also landed in the city of New York, New York in 1822. However, many of these families moved North into Canada soon after, and reclaimed their Scottish heritage through Clan societies and highland games that grew in popularity around America.

Ireland

The Ewing surname in Ireland derives from the Gaelic Sept Mac Eoghain. The family line was mainly located in the Ulster Province. It was also brought into Ireland by Scottish settlers in the 17th century. Still today, many descendants can be found in the Ulster Province.

Ewing Today:

United States 39,242

England 3,060

Canada 2,075

Australia 1,430

Scotland 1,391

South Africa 1,041

Germany 639

Northern Ireland 489

New Zealand 447

Turks and Caicos Islands 355

Notable People:

Mr. James Ewing (1890-1914) who was an American Company Man from the city of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States of America, who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, in Alberta Canada, and sadly died in the collapsing of the mine on June 19, 1914

William Buckingham “Buck” Ewing (1859-1906) who was a Hall of Fame baseball player and team manager in America

Maurice Ewing (1906-1974) who was a geophysicist who taught at Columbia University, in America, from the year 1944 to the year 1974

Thomas Ewing (1789-1871) who was an American statesman that was called upon to represent the state of Ohio in the U.S. Senate from the year 1831 to the year 1837

William Maurice Ewing (born in 1906) who was a marine geologist in America

Harry Ewing, who was a member of the United Kingdom Parliament, was a Scottish politician, and who was made the Lord Ewing of Kirkford

Sir James Alfred Ewing (1855-1935) who was an engineer and physicist from Scotland

Walter Ewing (born in 1878) who was a winner of both a gold Olympic medal and a silver Olympic medal for shooting in the 1908 games, and was from Canada

Sir Alistair Ewing (1909-1997) who helped organize Britain’s WWI code-breaking operations and who was an English Vice Admiral

Sir Alexander Ewing (1892-1980) who worked at the University Manchester, as a Professor of Audiology and Education of the Deaf

Ewing Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

(Ireland). Quarterly, gu. and or, the second and third charged with a saltire of the first. Crest—The moon in her complement ppr.
1) (Keppoch, co. Dumbarton). Ar. a chev. embattled az. ensigned with a banner gu. charged with a canton of the second, thereon a saltire of the first, all betw. two mullets in chief and the sun in his splendour in base of the third. Crest—A demi lion ramp. in his dexter paw a mullet
2) (Glasgow, 1869; descended of Keppoch). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, as the last, within a bordure az.; 2nd and 3rd, ar. a bend gu. betw. three bunting birds ppr., for Bontine. Crest and Motto, as the last.
3) (Levenfield, co. Dumbarton, 1870). Motto—Audaciter. Ar. a chev. gu. ensigned with a banner of the second, charged with a canton az. thereon a saltire of the first, all betw. two mullets in chief and the sun in his splendour in base of the second, a bordure indented, also of the second, charged with three crescents of the first for diff. Crest—A demi lion ramp. holding in his dexter paw a mullet gu.
4) (London, 1870). As the last, the bordure charged with three mullets ar.
5) (Ballikinrain, co. Stirling). As Levenfield, the bordure charged with three martlets ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
2. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P294
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:moon
11. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
12. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
14. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
15. The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
16. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45