Goodenough Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Goodenough Family Coat of Arms

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Goodenough Coat of Arms Meaning

Goodenough Name Origin & History

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Goodenough Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Goodenough blazon are the guttees de sang, pellet, chevron and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, or and vert .

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert. More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!

The gutte or goutte is an elongated tear-drop shape with wavy sides and usually appears in large number spread evenly across the field. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Gouttes Some frequently do they occur that special names have arisen for the various colours, guttee de sang being gules (or red) for its obvious resemblence to split blood.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146 One of the simplest such shapes is the plain circle, known to heralds as the roundle. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle So popular is this charge that a shorthand has arisen for roundles of a particular colour and pellet is a roundle sable, or black. It is also known as an ogress or gunstone. Most authorities agree that the English usage signifies the “Manchet cake” or communion wafer and thus is a symbol of religious allegiance.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 13A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.14The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 15The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Goodenough Name

Goodenough Origin:

England

Origins of Goodenough:

This is an old English nickname surname. It has two possible sources. The first is the regular use by the name owners of the idiom ‘good enough,’ to the point where his companion group called him by it, and the second and most likely reason is that it mentioned a ‘good servant,’ one who was good enough at what he did. Nicknames are one of the largest groups of name sources, and some etymologists challenge that all names were frequently nicknames of a sort. What is certain is that many surnames are related the physical attributes or qualities. The origin of this name is from the pre 7th century Olde English words ‘God genoh’ with ‘God’ which means good, a simple explanation as to how religion was related to holiness and goodness. Early examples of the surname documentations contained Roger Godecnaue in the document or record of Oseney Abbey in Oxfordshire and dated 1220, while Hervicus Godcnave shows in the Pipe Rolls of Northumberland in 1225. In the new era, the surname is listed as Goodenough, Goodanew, Goodnow, and Goodner, with as an example as that of Richard Goodenough and Sarah Harrison, who married at Canterbury in Kent, in 1667.

Variations:

More common variations are: Goodeneough, Goodenogh, Goodnough, Godenough, Goodenugh, Goodenoug, Good Enough, Goodennough, Goodinough, Goddenough.

England:

The surname Goodenough first appeared in Cumberland where they held a family seat from old times and were given lands by Duke William of Normandy, their true King, for their remarkable services at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD.

The very first recorded spelling of the family was shown to be that of Alan Godinogh, dated about 1212, in the “Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire.” It was during the time of King John of England, dated 1199-1216. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Goodenough had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Goodenough landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th and 19th. Some of the people with the name Goodenough who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Richard Goodenough, who settled in New England in 1686.

The following century saw much more Goodenough surnames come. Some of the people with the surname Goodenough who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included William Goodenough, who landed in New York in 1844.

New-Zealand:

Some of the population with the surname Goodenough who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included James Goodenough arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Hermione” in 1883.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Goodenough: United States 2,160; England 1,549; South Africa 657; Australia 204; Canada 174; Scotland 118; Mexico 105; France 86; Wales 79; New Zealand 66.

Notable People:

Erwin Ramsdell Goodenough (1893–1965) was a scholar of the history of religion. He is particularly remembered for his study of the character of Greek tradition in Judaism, what some call Hellenistic Judaism.

Florence Laura Goodenough (August 1886–April 1959) was an American psychiatrist and professor at the University of Minnesota

Ian Reginald Goodenough was born in July 1975. He is an Australian political leader who is the current Liberal Party representative for the Division of Moore in the House of Representatives, located in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia.

Commodore James Graham Goodenough CB CMG (December 1830– August 1875) was an officer in the Royal Navy who went on to become Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station.

John B. Goodenough (born 1922), was an American scientist.

Larry Goodenough (born 1953), is a Canadian ice hockey player.

Samuel Goodenough (1743–1827), was an English explorer and Minister of Carlisle.

Ursula Goodenough (born 1943), was an American biologist.

William Goodenough (1867–1945), was a Royal Navy officer.

Ward Goodenough (1919–2013), was an American anthropologist.

Goodenough Family Gift Ideas

Browse Goodenough family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (D.D., Bishop of Carlisle; consecrated 1807). Or, a chev. gu. betw. three guttees de sang. Crest—A demi wolf ramp. ppr. holding betw. the paws an escallop ar.
2) Ar. a chev. sa. betw. three pellets. Crest—A tower sa. inflamed at the top ppr.
3) Vert a lion ramp. or. Crest—On a chapeau gu. turned up erm. a lion crouching or.
4) Per chev. erm. and gu. on a chief ar. a lion’s head erased az. Crest—A hand holding a dagger in pale all ppr.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
6. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Vert
9. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Gouttes
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Roundle
13. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
14. The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
15. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45