Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hatfield Name
Origins of Name:
The surname of Hatfield is of an Anglo-Saxon origin and derives from the locational surname of Hatfield. As recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 (the Domesday book covered the “Great Survey” of England and Wales under the reign of King William the Conqueror) this surname is “Hadfelda” in the area of Hertfordshire, as “Hetfelle” in Nottinghamshire, as “Haytfeld” in the Hundred Rolls of 1275 in Hereford, and as “Hetfelde” again in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is believed that the original derivative comes from “harth” which means heather or other similar plants, and “feld” which is a pasture. However, in areas such as Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire, the first element of this surname is shown to have an Old Scandinavian influence, with the word “heithr” which translates to heath. Since this surname of Hatfield is locational, it is expected that the landowner, the lord of the manor, and former inhabitants of this place who moved for work (and will be better identified by the name of their birthplace) will all share this surname. There are pre-existing towns, villages, parishes and farmsteads in the areas of Essex, Herefordshire, Nottinghamshire, Worcester, the East Riding of Yorkshire, and the North Riding of Yorkshire that influenced people from this area to be named with the surname of Hatfield.
More common variations are:
Hatfull, Hettfield, Heatfield, Hattfield, Hatifield, Hatefield, Hiatfield, Hatfeld, Hatefieldi, Hadfeld
The first recorded spelling of the surname Hatfield, although under a variant spelling, is said to be Tata aet Hathfelda, who was named in Old English Bynames in the year 1050 under the reign of King Edward, who was known as “The Confessor” and ruled from the year 1042, to the year 1066. In Yorkshire, the surname of Hatfield is said to be connected to Duke William of Hastings in the year 1066, where a family seat was held for the Hatfield surname.
During The Great Migration (which was when English citizens left the motherland in search of better lives) those with the Hatfield surname migrated to America. The first recorded person to emigrate to America who bore the Hatfield surname was Thomas Hatfield, who landed in America in the year 1620, and was soon followed by Joseph Hatfield who arrived and settled in Virginia in the year 1623. It was fifty-three years before another recorded Hatfield settled in America. In 1676, William Hatfield, and his wife, Elizabeth Hatfield sailed to America, and landed in the state of Maryland in the year 1676.
United States 38,650
South Africa 530
New Zealand 135
William Rukard Hurd Hatfield (1917-1998) who was an actor from America
Charles Mallory Hatfield (1875-1958) who was called the American “rainmaker” who claimed over 500 successes in his lifetime, but his secret formula was taken to his grave
John Hatfield (1795-1813) who served as an American midshipman I the United States Navy during the War of 1812, the USS Hatfield (DD-231) was named after him
Juliana Hatfield (born in 1967) who was an author, guitarist, and singer/songwriter from America
Ernest I. Hatfield (born in 1980) who was a Member of the New York State of Assembly from the years 1943 to 1947, a Member of the New York State Senate from the years 1948 to 1964, and was a Republican politician from America
Floyd Hatfield, who was a Representative from Washington in the 2nd District in the year 1912, and was an American politician
Floyd A. Hatfield, who was a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Washington in the year 1932, and was an American Democratic politician
George Juan Hatfield (born in 1887) who was a Member of the California Republican State Central Committee from the year 1922 to the year 1936, was also a Lieutenant Governor of California from the year 1935 to the year 1939, and was an American Republican politician
Georgia M. Hatfield, who was a Candidate for the West Virginia State House of Delegates from Cabell County in the year 1944, and was an American Republican politician
Grenway M. Hatfield (1868-1943) who was a coal mine operator, and served as the Postmaster at Williamson, West Virginia from the years 1909 to 1912, and was the Chair of the Mingo County Republican Party in the year 1917, and then was reelected and served again in the years 1940 to 1941, was an American Republican politician
Hatfield Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Hatfield blazon are the cinquefoil, cross crosslet, chevron and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are ermine, gules and sable .
Ermine is a very ancient pattern, and distinctive to observe. It was borne alone by John de Monfort, the Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany in the late 14th century It has a long association with royalty and the nobility in general and hence represents “Dignity” wherever it is found . The ermine pattern is white with, typically, a three dots and a dart grouping representing the tail of the furred creature.. The ermine spot is sometimes found alone as a special charge on the shield.
The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” . Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron , perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur . The cinquefoil is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It is shown as five-petalled flower, each petal quite rounded but with a distinct tip. It is sometimes pierced with a hole in the centre and usually appears on its own, without any leaves. It has no fixed colour but can appear in any of the available heraldic tinctures.
No other symbol appearing in heraldry is subject to as much variation as the cross . Mediaeval Europe was a deeply religious and Christian and many of the nobility wanted to show their devotion by adopting the symbol of the cross as part of the arms. Since no two arms could be identical there arose many variants of the cross. The cross crosslet is one of these, being symetrical both vertically and horizontally and having an additional cross bar on each arm. Wade suggests that these additional crossing signify “the fourfold mystery of the Cross”.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield , or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” , possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.