Hayman Coat of Arms
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Which coat of arms or "family crest" is mine?
Choose the design you like best, just your ancestors did when they painted these symbols on the shields they carried into battle and displayed in their homes. These coats of arms are real, historical works of art/culture dating back as far as 1100AD. Most of these designs were compiled and documented by genealogists and heraldists in large books published in the nineteenth century. These arms were owned by individuals who bore your surname, and were passed down through the generations from father to son, earning the monicker "family crest".
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hayman Name
Listed as Hayman, Haysman, Haseman, Haisman and Hazeman, this is an English surname. It has many possible origins. It may be professional and explain a hay merchant, or it may be geographical and show a person who resided by an area of land fenced for agriculture. More common variations are: Haymain, Haymann, Haymana, Hayaman, Hayuman, Haymean, Hayeman, Hyman, Haman, Heayeman.
The surname Hayman first appeared in Warwickshire where one of the first records of the name was Walter Heyman who noted there in the Premium Rolls of Warwickshire in 1332. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of William Hayman, dated 1312, in the “ Catalogue of Ancient Deeds”. It was during the reign ofKing Edward 11nd, dated 1307-1327. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Some of the people with the name Hayman who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included William Hayman, who settled in Barbados in 1634. William Hayman, aged 36, who landed in St Christopher in 1634. Jer Hayman, who arrived in Virginia in 1653. Elizabeth Hayman, who landed in Virginia in 1660. Ed Hayman, who landed in Virginia in 1665. People with the surname Hayman who landed in the United States in the 18th century included Captain Hayman, who settled in Boston in 1765. William Hayman, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1774. Some of the people with the surname Hayman who arrived in the Canada in the 18th century included Mr William Hayman U.E. (b. 1757) born in Argyleshire, Scotland who settled in Country Harbour, Guysborough County, Nova Scotia c. 1783, the Tatamagouche, Nova Scotia he served in the Royal North Carolina Regiment, married to Margaret Maillard they had 12 children.
Hayman Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Hayman blazon are the marlet, moor and cinquefoil. The three main tinctures (colors) are azure, sable and argent .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” 1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P150.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 7A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.
The head of a Moor is frequently borne on the arms of those at one time involved with crusades, possibly associated with some “deeds of prowess”. 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P93 The head is shown typically in a realistic fashion but the precise details are left to the imagination and skills of the artist! 11A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Head
Natural objects abound in heraldry, and one category that gives especial delight are the many flowers and flowering plants that frequently occur 12A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P262. The cinquefoil is also of this type, being drawn, at least a little, realistically and often to very pleasing effect. It is shown as five-petalled flower, each petal quite rounded but with a distinct tip. It is sometimes pierced with a hole in the centre and usually appears on its own, without any leaves. 13A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Cinquefoil It has no fixed colour but can appear in any of the available heraldic tinctures.