Hewston Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Hewston Family Coat of Arms

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Hewston Coat of Arms Meaning

Hewston Name Origin & History

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Hewston Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Hewston blazon are the chevron, fretty, crescent and martlet. The two main tinctures (colors) are or and azure.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 6A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.7The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.

Fretty is a very pleasing patterning of the field whereby it is split into diamond shapes by overlapping and interwoven diagonal bands, where the background and the band colours may be any of the heraldic tinctures. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fret. The family CAVE, from Kent are blessed with the simple arms of Azure, fretty or. Ancient writers, such as Guillim believed that the pattern represented a net and hence symbolised those skilled in the art of “persuasion”! 10A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P234

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Hewston Name

Hewston is one of the names acquired from the families of the old Dalriadan clans of Scotland.  It acquired from the old Scottish given name Hugh.  Hewston is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames.  In general, patronyms acquired from either the first name of the father of the bearer, or from the names of famous religious and secular figures.  By and large, surnames descending from one’s father’s name were the most common.  The surname also came from the place called Houston, near Glasgow.  In Old English, the name Houston, meant the settlement belonging to Hugh.  Spelling in the old era was a highly imprecise process.  Translation, particularly from Gaelic to English, was little better.  For these reasons, early Scottish names are rife with spelling variations.

In many documents Hewston has spelt Houston, Houstown, Huston, Hueston, Hughston, Hughstone, Houstone, Houstowne, Houstoun, Huestoun, Huestown, Huestowne, Hughstoun, Hughstown, Hughstowne, MacHouston, MacHuston, MacCuiston, McCuiston and much more.

The surname Hewston first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friu), a historic division of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, where they declined from a Scottish knight, Hugh de Paduinan, who in 1165 founded the town of Houston in that shire.

Some of the people with the surname Hewston who arrived in the Canada in the 19th century included Mr Joshua Hewston U.E. who settled in Home District [York County], Ontario near the year 1784.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

(Wigtoft, co. Lincoln). Az. three chev. fretty in base or, on a chief of the second a crescent sa. charged with a mullet ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
2. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
6. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)
7. The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Fret
10. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P234
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106