Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kidd Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Name:
The surname Kidd is of an Anglo-Scottish derivative, with possible origins in three different areas. Two of these possible origins are from Middle English words. The first Middle English derivative is “kid(e)” which refers to a young goat. Secondly, the Middle English word “kidde” which refers to a faggot of wood, but can also be used to describe a firewood and kindling seller. Thirdly, the Anglo-Scotitish “Kit” which is a shortened, nickname version of the name “Christopher,” which is a personal name from the Greek derivative, and initiated by the Crusaders coming back home from the Holy Land in the 12th century. Due to the multiple meanings and possible origins, there are many variations of this surname. The surname Kidd is found throughout history with the spelling Kidd, Kidde, Kitte, Kyd, Kydde, Kidman, and so on.
More common variations are:
Kidd, Kiddy, Kiddu, Kidde, Kiddo, Kiddi, Kidda, Kid, Kide
The first recorded spelling of the surname Kidd, actually manifests as Kide, and was mentioned in the Pipe Rolls of the County of Suffolk by the name of William Kide, in 1181. This spelling was recorded during the reign of King Henry 11, who was also called “The Builder of Churches” and reigned for thirty-five years, from 1154-1189. In 1273, Reginald Kyd was named in the Hundred Rolls of Oxford, and in 1379, Willelmus Kydde was recorded in the 1379 Poll Tax Rolls of Oxford.
During The Great Migration, Roger Kidd was said to have settled in “James Cittye, Virginea” which was spelled according to the phonetics of the recorder. Roger Kidd was named as one of the first settlers in the New World, which today is known as the United States of America. In 1696, William Kidd, who lived in Boston, Massachusetts was asked by the King to quell the pirating attempts in the area, but instead became a pirate himself. In 1642, Thomas Kidd arrived in Virginia in 1642, and Henry Kidd landed in the same state in 1668. In the 18th century, two women named Sarah Kidd settled in South Carolina in Charleston, which was then called Charles Town, but fifty years apart in 1722 and 1772 respectively. In the 19th century, people with the surname Kidd settled in both the United States and Canada. In the U.S. Neha and Archibald Kidd settled in New York City in 1803, while William K Kidd settled there in 1822, and Charles Kidd arrived in South Carolina in 1824. In 1815, Alexander and Christian Kidd, or Kidds, landed in Quebec on the ship named “Baltic Merchant.”
Australia and New Zealand:
In the 19th century, Thomas Kidd arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the Delhi in 1839, while James and Mary Ann Kid, both convicts arrived in Van Diemen’s Land in 1844. In 1850, John Kidd rode the ship named the Countess of Yarborough to Adelaide, Australia. In New Zealand, a servant named Ann Kidd arrived in Auckland, New Zealand, and six years later, in 1857, Robert Kidd arrived in Wellington. Thomas Kidd settled in Auckland in 1863, while Hessay Kidd settled in the same city in 1865. Fifteen years later, aboard the ship named the British Empire, J.P. Kidd landed in Auckland, New Zealand.
United States 37,093
New Zealand 1,183
Chip Kidd (born in 1964) who is an editor, author, and graphic designer from America
William Alexander Kidd (1879-1928) who was co-founder of the Scottish architectural firm, Gillespie, Kidd & Coia
George Imlay Kidd (1909-1988) who was a Scottish footballer
Jason Kidd (born in 1973) a New York Knicks NBA (National Basketball Association) professional basketball player from America
Roy Kidd (born in 1931) College Football Hall of Fame inductee in 2003, and an American college football player and coach
Virginia Kidd (1921-2003) a literary agent, writer and editor in America, and was named Mildred Virginia Kidd at birth, but later dropped the Mildred from her name
William Winston “Billy” Kidd (born in 1943) is an American alpine ski racer, who won the gold, silver, and two-time bronze medalist
Michael Kidd (1915-2007) 1981 American Theatre Hall of Fame inductee, as well as a five-time Tony Award winning film and stage choreographer from America
Richard A. Kidd (born in 1943) a ninth Sergeant Major of the Army from America
Rear Admiral Isaac Campbell Kidd (1884-1941) Congressional Medal of Honor recipient in 1941 for his courageous actions on the bridge of the USS Arizona during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and the USS Kidd (DD-661) and the USS Kidd (DDG-993), and Naval officer from America
Kidd Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Kidd blazon are the lozenge, mullet, goat and saltire engrailed. The three main tinctures (colors) are vert, azure and argent .
The deep green colour that is so often observed in heraldry is more properly known as vert. According to Wade, the use of this colour signifies “Hope and Joy”, but may also represent, rather delightfully, “Loyalty in Love” . It has other names also, the French call it sinople, perhaps after a town in Asia Minor from where the best green die materials could be found . More fanciful heralds liked to associate it with the planet venus and the precious stone emerald . More strangely, there is some evidence that the term prasin was anciently used, being the Greek for the vegetable we call the Leek!
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose xz`, and the lozenge Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. It can appear on its own, voided (with the background visible through the middle), and can also be conjoined, whereby adjacent lozenges touch point-to-point. Guillim groups the lozenge with all square shapes as being symbolic of “verity, probity, constancy and equity”.
The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” . A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires . In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” .
In the mediaeval period there was no real percieved difference between real and mythical animals, after all, much of the world remained unknown and who was to say what strange and magical creatures existed in distant lands? Nevertheless, real animals are perhaps one of the most common sights on coats of arms, especially animals of European origin. The goat Is a typical example of these. Guillim, writing in the 17th century suggested that it may represent a “martial man who wins victory by…policy [rather] than valour”, a diplomat by any other name.