Kirkman Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Kirkman Family Coat of Arms

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Kirkman Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Kirkman blazon are the mitre, crosier, mascle and lion. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, argent and azure .

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 6A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

The middle ages was a deeply religious time, and since the bulk of heraldry was developed in countries that were almost entirely Christian it is no surprise that religious and church symbology was widely adopted for use in coats of arms. The mitre Is a typical such usage. As well the adoption of religious imagery for the nobility, the Church itself has made extensive use of arms, such Ecclesiastical Heraldry 8A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P600 is a major subject in its own right, somewhat less “martial” than that of the nobility and with its own terms and special meanings.

The middle ages was a deeply religious time, and since the bulk of heraldry was developed in countries that were almost entirely Christian it is no surprise that religious and church symbology was widely adopted for use in coats of arms. The crosier Is a typical such usage, being a staff carried by a Bishop in ceremony. As well the adoption of religious imagery for the nobility, the Church itself has made extensive use of arms, such Ecclesiastical Heraldry 9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P600 is a major subject in its own right, somewhat less “martial” than that of the nobility and with its own terms and special meanings.

The mascle is a close relative of the lozenge or diamond shape, but with the centre cut away revealing the background underneath. 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Mascle. Guillim, writing in the 17th century reckoned the mascle to represent the mesh of a net, being the biblical symbol for “persuasion, whereby men are induced to virtue and verity”. 11A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P234

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Kirkman Name

Kirkman Origin:

England

Origins of Kirkman:

The origin of this unique surname evolved originally from Anglo-Scottish and is either geographical or a professional name from various places in England. It can be either geographical or a professional surname. As a geographical surname it explained someone who lived near a church or kirk, and as a professional surname it was given to a person employed at a church and responsible for the charge or authority of the church lands in a specific place. However, most of these names of various places had evolved originally from the ancient Old English pre 7th Century from ” Norse kirkja”, or the English cyrice, with the suffix “-man”. The southern English surname Churchman was developed irrespective of different formations of spellings. Former inhabitants of any place that were displaced, uprooted, and eventually moved to a new city or region for necessity of occupation were gifted with locational surnames, they were generally identified by the title of their respective birthplace. According to the various surviving rolls and registers, early examples of the surname recording include Charles Kyrckham at the university of Oxford according to the records of the students in the year 1597, Henry Kirmon of Kildwick in Yorkshire, on 29th November 1607, Richard Kirkman married Agnes Cowburne at Fewston,Yorkshire, on May 16th 1622, and Robert Kirman who was named at St Gregory’s by St Paul’s cathedral, city of London, on 2nd January in the year 1628.

Variations:

More common variations of Kirkman are: Kirkmann, Kirkhman, Kirckman, Ckirkman, Kirkemann, Korkman, Kirkmon, Karkman, Krikman

England:

The origins of the surname Kirkman were in Yorkshire where people there held a family seat from early times. The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Robert Kirkeman, dated 1230. It was during the time of King Henry 111rd, who was known to be the “The Frenchman”, 1216 – 1272, and took place in “Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire”. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.

United States:

Some of the people of Kirkman family who settled in United States in the 18 century include – Srah Kirkman who arrived in America in the year 1771 and Elizabeth Kirkman would also sailed to America in 1775. The following century saw many more Kingston surnames arrive. As John Kirkmman and William Kirkman who arrived in Philadelphia in the years 1803 and 1844. Henry Kirkman, who came to Baltimore in 1823.

Australia:

Some of the Kirkman people who settled ultimately in Australia in 19th Century included John Kirkman, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the “Ann” on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia. James Kirkman arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship “Sultana” in the age of 21 years.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Kingston: United States 6,719; England 2,221; Australia 1,216; Canada 208; South Africa 1,169; Wales 135; Scotland 98; Chile 126; New-Zealand 170; Germany 168

Notable People:

Kirkman was an English harpsichord-making family.

Alan Kirkman, was a famous English footballer

Boone Kirkman, was a Heavyweight boxer.

Christina Kirkman, was an American actress, entertainer, and rapper.

Marshall Monroe Kirkman, was a railroad authoritative figure.

Norman Kirkman, was an English footballer and football manager.

Richerd Kirkman, was the martyr in York with William Lacy.

Rick Kirkman, was a cartoonist and artist

Roger Kirkman, was an American football player.

Sidney Kirkman, was a British Army general.

Terry Kirkman, was a musician.

Tim Kirkman, was a famous film maker and artist

William Kirkman, was an Australian cricketer.

Kirkman Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

Sable two crosiers in saltire or, on a chief concave azure three mitres argent garnished gules. Crest—A crosier and sword in saltire proper. Motto—In Deo confido.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P600
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P600
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Mascle
11. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P234