Kulak Coat of Arms

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

W polu czerwonym, między gwiazdą złotą a p"łksiężycem - top"r srebrny, z dwoma małymi kawaleryjskimi krzyżami przy prawym boku trzonka.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Kulak Coat of Arms and Family Crest

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Kulak Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Kulak blazon are the axe and crescent. The three main tinctures (colors) are gules, argent and or .

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

The Axe appears in many forms in heraldic art, coming from both the martial and the craft traditions, indeed someone today would have a hard time telling their common hatchet from a turner’s axe, but it is likely that those in the middle ages were more familiar with each. 9A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Axe Obviously the axe from a craft tradition may symbolise the holder being a practitioner of that craft, but the axes from a martial background are suggested by Wade to indicate the “execution of military duty”. 10The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P100

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the crescent Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. Some common is this device that there are special names for its appearance in various orientations – whilst it lies normally with points upward, the decrescent points to the sinister side, and the increscent to the dexter 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon. The allusion, obviously is to the shape of the moon in the sky (indeed, the French have a version “figuré” which includes a face!) and has been said to signify both “honour by the sovereign” and “hope of greater glory” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106.

8 Comments

  • Kulak says:

    Interested in finding info on KULAK family name history

    • Coat of Arms Database says:

      It seems that Kułak is a surname of commoners as well as a noble surname (as usual in Poland)

      In case of commoners the surname is derived from the word “kułak” which is obsolete Polish for “fist”.

      In case of noble family, the story is much more interesting. Kułak is a Polonized and christianized Tatar family. It is speculated that they came to Poland at the end of XV century from Crimean Khanate and since XVI century they have been Christian. At some point in their history, they intermarried with Polish family Około and adopted surname Około-Kułak or Okołow-Kułak. With this surname they confirmed their noble title and coat of arms in 1817 in Mogilev (currently in Belarus). The surname of noble Kułaks is supposedly derived from Turkish word for “ear”.

      It would seem that this noble family used two-part surname Około-Kułak, rather than Kułak itself. I would guess that a person named simply Kułak is not of a noble descent.

      There is a another name without the accent mark (the stroke on the letter L), and that has a separate origin and is a separate family.

      • Werner Zurek says:

        Kuna. Prefix Kun. Kuna, marten, or name element Kun von Konrad. Crest description. Prebentow (Przebendowski). In gold, a marten (Kuna) turned to the right and sitting on its hind feet. This coat of arms is also called Kuna. Kuna (Prebendow, Prebentov, Przebendowski, Marder) – Polish coat of arms of Prussian origin.

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Kulak: Prefix kula, sphere, ball, bullet crutch, or kulic „c with ´“, kulic sie (e with ´under e) in some cases first name Mikolaj, Nicholas.
    Potential basis of the surname are the forms – balls: 1. sheaf of straw, 2. snot, middle of the sea, 3. sheaf of pure straw, made of six sheaves, 4. flour with flour, added to the thickening of sauces, 5. kale, 6. swedish (Dictionary buzzer Polish, vol. II, p. 516), ball: 1. stick or gnarled stick, 2. pegs, which the beekeeper sticks to the tree, 3. hook, 4. part of the plow, 5. club, sob, klepadło, 6. bottom, pit, 7. jokingly head (Dictionary buzzer Polish, vol. II, pp. 516-517), kulać: 1. roll on the ground something round, such as a ball, circle, circle, 2. roll on something , 3. to make, to form loaves, 4.
    Florjan , Jan Kazimierz , Samuel Kazimierz und Vaclav Kulak in der Provinz von Vilnius, unterzeichnete die Wahl von Johann Casimir. Jan Okołów – Kulak, der Gouverneur des Magistrates von mścisławski im Jahr 1663 mit seiner Frau, Anna Bieniewską , flüchtete 1654 von Moskau nach mścisławskiego , kehrte aber 1657 nach Hause zurück, es wurde aber von den Schweden geplündert Tykocin bringt welches über 1664 Jahre Manifest an die Stadt in Mścisławiu . Jan Kulak mit seiner Tochter Dorothy , das 1. mal verheiratet mit Marcjanową. Das 2. mal mit Mykolaiv Bartoszewicz von Stefan Gorski , eine Rückerstattung von beweglichen Bruders 1663 Kazimierz Jerzy Kulak , in Orscha , 1668 ( Ist. Jur verklagt . Matt . XXIV , XXV und XXVI) . Aleksander, von der mścisławskiego , Kurfürst von König Michał . George Kulak , Daniel und Aleksander Kulak Okołów – Kulak , Schwertträger von mścisławski, unterzeichnete 1700 eine Laudum in der Provinz mścisławskiego gegen Sapiehom . Thomas Kulak von Smolensk , unterzeichnete die Wahl 1733 Leszczynski , und Jan Okołów – Kullak , Nachfolger des August III -go . Joseph , der Gutsherr von Bieżuń , der in Ossowska geboren , verheiratet mit Zofją Szaniawska , Tochter von Victor .

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Kuna. Prefix Kun. Kuna, marten, or name element Kun von Konrad. Crest description. Prebentow (Przebendowski). In gold, a marten (Kuna) turned to the right and sitting on its hind feet. This coat of arms is also called Kuna. Kuna (Prebendow, Prebentov, Przebendowski, Marder) – Polish coat of arms of Prussian origin.

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Kur. Treatment (cure Biały, Kokot) In the red field on floating green ground a silver cock with golden comb and golden cloth; Helmet jewelry, a same cock (cure). About the origin of the coat of arms nothing is known, the cock is considered a symbol of vigilance. This coat of arms carry the:
    Horodynski, Karszensky, Kurak, Kurek, Kurkowski, Kurski, Kurzwski, Szaprowski.

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Lis. Lis, fox, also coat of arms. Lis (Lisy, Lisowie, Bzura, Mzura, Murza, Strempacz, Orzi-Orzi, Vulpis), coat of arms, one of the oldest Polish coats of arms. In 1058, Kazimierz Odnowiciel, in pursuit of the wreaking Lithuanian and Yajvings, came to Sochaczew. A knight from the Lisów line, sent to scout a handful of soldiers, came across a river with a strong unit of enemies. Unable to attack, he deliberately fired a high-pitched arrow, calling for reinforcements. The help soon came, and the enemies in the two fires were easily defeated. The grateful Kazimierz the Restorer gave the brave knight a coat of arms with an arrow in the shield, his old mark – the fox – was placed in the jewel.

  • Werner Zurek says:

    Radwan. Prefix Rad, ancient compound names such as Radoslaw or Radomir with root rad-, joy, or rady, satisfied, happy, radzic, to advise, or radowas sie, to rejoice. Radwan. Radwan (Wierz bowa, Wierzbowczyk, Wirzbowa, Wirzbowo, Kaja, Chorągwie) In the red field a golden church flag hanging on horizontal staff with three square ends set with golden fringes, topped with a golden cavalier cross; Helmet jewelery: three ostrich feathers. In the campaign of King Boleslaw the Bold (1059 82) against the Russians the Rotmeister Radwan was entrusted with leading the vanguard. He came across such a strong enemy at the river’s edge that it was impossible to fight it successfully. But in order not to flee z the enemy, Radwan decided nevertheless, with his small troop the attack, to find the danger of deatarms He was also beaten and forced to retreat and lost his flag. In order to regain his troops and to carry out another attack, he took z the church of the village in which they had come, a church flag, which was presented to his own. The enemy believed in the renewed attacks by the Poles that these newcomers had received withdrew hastily, so the Radwan remained master of the battlefield. The king gave the Radwan as a mark the church flag in the coat of arms, which received after him the name Radwan. But it was also called, probably after the possession of sex branches, Wierz bowa, Wierz bowcz yk, Kaja and Radwany Kaja. This coat of arms is held by: Babsky, Bagiensky, Batogovsky, Becki, Bialobrzesky, Bieniewski, Bienkiewicz , Bochowicz , Bochwicz , Brandysz , Branecki, Broniewicz , Buchwic, Bunczyn, Bydlowski, Charmanski, Chelstowski, Chlevinsky, Chlugwanski, Chluski, Chormanski, Cikowski, Coluszanski , Czapka, Czapla, Dabrowski, Debsi, Desznowski, Dobrosielski, Dobrusky, Dostojowski, Dziewulski, Fiedziuszko, Folgierski, Folkiewicz , Frystacki, Fulgierski, Glinsky, Gluchowski, Gorski, Grodecki, Grodziecki, Grodzki, Hluszanin, Jakacki, Janowicz , Jarzebinski, Jasktowski , Jastkovsky, Jeziorkovsk, Jezefowicz , Judycki, Kania, Karmansky, Karski, Kaszyc, Kissowski, Kohalovsky, Kornar, Konarzevsky, Kononowicz , Korabiewski, Kovalevsky, Krotki, Krotkiewski, Krukowski, Kryczyns, Krzyczewski, Krzymaski, Krzystek, Kunaszewski, Kuielewski, Lachowicz , Leszczynski, Lubanski, Lubawski, Lodzinski, Lukawski, Magnuszewski, Miemczewiski, Mioduski, Nabut Nadarzynski, Nicki, Niegoszowski, Obarzankowski, Okeski, Okuszko, Olegnicki, Oltszynski, Osinsky, Ostaszewski, Oswiecim, Ozieblowski, Pakoslawski, Pakoszewski, Paszkiewicz , Pawecki, Pelka, Peperzynski, Pietruszewski, Piwko, Plichczynski, Pluzanski, Polayevsky, Prakowski, Prokovsky, Proniewicz , Przygodzki, Przypkowski, Radonski, Radwan, Radwanski, Radziszewski, Rakovsky, Rpinski, Rudecki, Rudgiesz , Rusiecki, Rybinsky, Serny, Serwienski, Siemionowicz , Skarzewski, Stawkowski, Sluzewski, Solokai Stanislavsky, Stecki, Straszewski, Suchorzewski, Suchorzeski, Swiszczewski, Szarawski, Szczyt, Szemrawski, Szyrnanowicz , Toczyski , Tumalewski, Uchanski, Uklanski, Wiadrowski, Wierzbicki, Wilam, Wilk, Wirsky, Wolkunowski, Volodkiewicz , Woykunowski, Woyslawski, Wylam, Wilk, Wierzbicki, Zabialski, Zadwilichowski, Zarski, Zebrzydowski, Zembocki. The Dostojowski coat of arms has a slightly different design: a ring instead of a cross, a armored armor armed with a sword, the Hlusz anin: five ostrich feathers pierced z right to left by a spear in the middle a ring bears, the Judycki: the middle end of the flag and the cross are missing, the flag is pierced in the middle z bottom to top by an arrow, as helmet decoration a raven with the ring in the beak on an arrow with the iron turned right standing, the Kohalowski: instead of the cross a lance with flag, the Krzyczewski: like the Judycki, only the arrow is directed z top to bottom, as home decoration three ostrich feathers, the Pasz kiewicz and Solokaj: instead of the cross an arrowhead, the Siemionowicz : replace the central end of the flag by a five-pointed star, the Swiszewski: two flags on top of each other, without crosses.

    RADWAN:

    Marianna approximately 1680-approximately 1730 married to Jan Kurdwanowski z Kurdwanowa arms Półkozic approximately 1670-1724
    2.
    Marianna approximately 1720-approximately 1770 married to Józef Kossecki z Kossocic arms Rawicz approximately 1710-approximately 1770
    3.
    N. approximately 1780-approximately 1830 married to Antonina Katarzyna Łączyński 1793-1864
    4.
    N. approximately 1830-approximately 1880 married to Ludwika Chronowski z Chronowa arms Gryf approximately 1840-approximately 1890
    5.
    Władysław approximately 1830-approximately 1880 married to Zofia Sobieski 1834-1925
    Wacław approximately 1860-approximately 1910

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
5. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Axe
10. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P100
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Moon
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P106