Lathbury Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History
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Origins of Lathbury:
This new surname is an example of an English locational name acquiring from the church of Lathbury in Buckinghamshire near Newport Pagnell. The placename was first noted in the Domesday Book of 1086 as ‘Latesberie’ and by 1163 as ‘Lateberi.’ The origin is from the Old English pre 7th Century ‘laett’ which means ‘lath’, a thin narrow band of wood, and ‘burg’ which usually meant a hidden place, particularly one which had been Roman, and could also mean a hidden estate house or house, here the name means a ‘burg’ (a fort), built of laths. Locational names were especially used by those people who departed from their original homes and went to live or work in another town or hamlet. In June 1540, Joan Lathbury an infant, named in St. Margaret’s, Westminster, London and in May 1581, the wedding of John Lathbury and Luce Collinwood took place in St. James, Clerkenwell, London.
More common variations are: Leathbury, Lathbury, Lathabury, Luthbury, Lathbary, Lethbury, Lathberry, Leathberry, Laithbar, Lathibar.
The surname Lathbury first appeared in Buckinghamshire at Lathbury, a hamlet and local church in the District of Milton Keynes, in the union of Newport-Pagnell, hundred of Newport. This church which is almost enclosed by the river Ouse contains about 1,200 acres. The place recorded back to the Domesday Book where it noted as Lateberie and meant “fortification built with strips or beams” having acquired from the Old English words laett and burh. There is a grand estate house which records back to at least 1272. After, some of the family appeared at Egginton in Derbyshire. “The manor [of Egginton] afterward waistcoat in the family of Lathbury, of whom a coheiress produced a family to the Leighs; and on the death of Sir Henry Leigh in the period of James I., the estate transferred to his daughter Anne.”
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Domina de Lathbiry, dated about 1273, in the “Hundred Rolls of Buckingham,” It was during the time of King Edward 1st, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Lathbury had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Lathbury landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 17th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Lathbury who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Richard Lathbury, who came to Virginia in 1653. John Lathbury landed in Virginia in the year 1655. John Lathbury to Virginia in the year 1655. Daniel Lathbury to America in the year 1680.
The following century saw more Lathbury surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Lathbury who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included James Lathbury to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the year 1833.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Lathbury: United States 234; England 220; Australia 41; Monaco 1; Isle of Man 1; Germany 1; Canada 1; New Zealand 1; Wales 1.
Thomas Lathbury (1798 – 1865) was an English cleric known as an ecclesiastical biographer.
Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (co. Derby). Paly of six ar. and az. on a canton or, a crescent sa.
2) (cos. Lancaster and Leicester). Barry of six ar. and az. on a canton of the second a martlet or.
3) (Holme, co. Derby. Visit. 1611). Ar. two bars and a canton az. charged with a martlet or (another, ar.).
4) Ar. three bars az. on a canton of the second a martlet or.