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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Balbeardie, co. Linlithgow). Motto—Et custos et pugnax. Ar. a mullet gu. on a chief sa. a cushion or. Crest—A demi griffin or.
2) (Lees, co. Berwick, and of Hallyards, Mid-Lothian, bart., 1814, representative of Leuchie). Motto—Advance with courage. Ar. on a chief gu. a cushion betw. two spur-rowels of the field. Crest—A lion’s gamb erect and erased grasping a tilting lance in bend sinister, point downwards ppr. Supporters—Dexter, a lion guard, gu.; sinister, a horse reguard. ar. furnished ppr.
3) (Guisachan, co. Inverness, bart., 1866). As Lees, but without the supporters.
4) (Marjoribanks). Motto—Custos et pugnax. Ar. a mullet gu. on a chief sa. a cushion or. Crest—A demi griffin ppr.

Origin, Meaning, Family History and Marjoribanks Coat of Arms and Family Crest

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Marjoribanks Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Marjoribanks blazon are the mullet, cushion and spur rowel. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and argent.

The bold red colour on a heraldic shield is known as gules. It has a long history within heraldry, it is known that one of those who besieged the scottish castle of Carlaverock in 1300 was the French knight Euremions de la Brette who had as his arms a simple red shield.1. The word gules is thought to come from the Arabic gule, or “red rose” 2. Later writers associated it with the precious stone ruby and the metal iron 3, perhaps because of the red glow of iron in the heat of the blacksmith’s forge.

Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 4. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 5.

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 6. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 7. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 8.

Although we expect to find fierce creatures and fearsome weapons depicted in a coat of arms this is not always the case – sometimes simple household objects are used 9. The Cushion is a typical example of this. Sometimes these objects were chosen for the familiarity they would have for the obsever, helping them identify the owner, and sometimes they were used because of some association with the owner, or a similarity to the family name. 10 The cushion is typically decpicted as square, with a tassle at each corner and may also have some other device upon them. 11

The word spur as a noun indicates a spike on the back of horseman’s boot to goad a horse into action, and for the same reason as a verb it signifies “encouraging action”. Because of this, Guillim assigns the meaning “press onward” to the prescence of a spur in a coat of arms. 12 It can be depicted either as the full item, with connections to the boot, or just as the star-shaped spur rowel which contains the spikes. 13

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References

  • 1 The Siege of Carlaverock, N. Harris, Nichols & Son, London, 1828, P180
  • 2 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 313
  • 3 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 4 Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
  • 5 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11
  • 6 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
  • 7 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
  • 8 The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
  • 9 A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281
  • 10 Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 100
  • 11 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:cushion
  • 12 A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P256
  • 13 A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Spur