Mercy Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Mercy Family Coat of Arms

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Mercy Coat of Arms Meaning

Mercy Name Origin & History

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Mercy Coat of Arms Meaning

The four main devices (symbols) in the Mercy blazon are the water bouget, fesse engrailed, lozenge and bend. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and or.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.3A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” 4The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35. Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun 5Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ 6A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77.

A wide variety of inanimate objects 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281 appear in coats of arms, so of them still recognisable today, others now rather obscure. The images used are often simplified and stylised, the water bouget is a typical case of the later, such that the casual observer would be hard pressed to discern its function. It represents in fact a yoke with two skins attached to be worn over the shoulder and has been found in coats of arms almost from the beginning of the art. 8A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Water Bouget. Somewhat literally, Wade suggests that their appearance on arms may have been due to a holder who had “brought water to an army or beseiged place”. 9The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P114

The fesse is a broad horizontal band across the centre of the shield, in very ancient times it was said to occupy one third of the area height of the shield 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P117, however it soon became somewhat narrower. This created an opportunity to add decorative edging to the band, of many forms, and to very pleasing artisitic effect, at least close up – it must be admitted that at distance some of the forms are hard to distinguish! The pattern engrailed is a series of scalloped indentations with the points facing outwards – and should not be confused with invected, which has the points facing inwards! Wade believes that both of these indented forms represent “earth or land”, and one perhaps can indeed see the furrowed earth embodied in them.

For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 11A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the lozenge Is a typical example of this, and can appear in any of the main heraldic tinctures. It can appear on its own, voided (with the background visible through the middle), and can also be conjoined, whereby adjacent lozenges touch point-to-point. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lozenge Guillim groups the lozenge with all square shapes as being symbolic of “verity, probity, constancy and equity”. 13A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P262

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mercy Name

Mercy Origin:

England, France

Origins of Mercy:

According to the early recordings of the spelling of the name, this interesting and unique name was listed in many forms such as Marsay, Marsie, Marsy, Marsee, Mercie, Mercey, Mercy, Mersey, and Morsey, this very unusual surname is English, but eventually of French origins. It is geographical from the place called Marcy, in the department of La Manche, in the county of Normandy. First noted in the famous Domesday Book of 1086, it was brought into England by one of the supporters of Duke William of Normandy during the Norman Invasion of 1066. Marcy is one of some of the similar compositions appearing in Northern France, like Macey, Massy, and Mace. All share a similar meaning and origin, which is ‘Maccius’s hamlet,’ from the Gallo-Roman particular name Maccius, with sometimes the Latin addition of ‘-acum,’ meaning the place of the Maccius tribe. The surname is one of the very noted anywhere, and amongst these early examples are the records of William de Marsei in the Pipe Rolls of the division of Nottinghamshire in the year 1180, Allan Macy in the Hundred Rolls of Suffolk in 1275 and William Massy of Nottingham in 1330. Robert Marsye noted at the parish of St Mildred Poultrey in the City of London in 1559, John Mersey at the parish of St Katherines by the Tower (of London) in 1602, and John Mercy at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, in 1619.

Variations:

More common variations are: Mercey, Merrcy, Mercya, Merciy, Merecy, Mereciy, Mercyaa, Mercyia, Mersy, Marcy.

England:

The surname Mercy first appeared in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat as Kings of the Palace of Hampton Meysey and Marston Meysey. Family tradition states that the Meysey family was from Brittany and that they brought William the Champion, in his victory of England at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 AD. However, there is a Meisi in Calvados in Normandy, and this may have been a section of the similar family name. Godfrey de Meysey held his estates from the priest Theulfus. Soon after, about 1110, they raised to Worcestershire and the name usually shows in the Red Book of the Bishopric of Worcester.

The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Ralph de Marcei, dated about 1086, in the “Domesday Book for the county of Essex.” It was during the time of King William I, of England, dated 1066-1087. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.

Ireland:

Many of the people with surname Mercy had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.

United States of America:

Individuals with the surname Mercy landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Mercy who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Richard Mercy, who came to Virginia in 1703.

The following century saw more Mercy surnames come. Some of the people with the name Mercy who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Gustav Mercy at the age of 38, arrived in New York, NY in 1850. Norma Mercy at the age of 22, landed in New York, NY in 1893.

New-Zealand:

Some of the population with the surname Mercy who arrived in New Zealand in the 19th century included William Mercy arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Jura” in 1861.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Mercy: Nigeria 19,410; Uganda 7,655; Kenya 6,042; Cameroon 2,181; Niger 1,562; India 1,477; Haiti 1,297; United States 1,006; Philippines 967; Pakistan 880.

Notable People:

Mercy Lewis was born in Falmouth, Maine. In September 1689, an Indian attack killed her grandparents, aunts, uncles and most of her cousins.

Mercy Otis Warren (September 1728 – October 1814) was a political author and missionary of the American Revolution.

Mercy Family Gift Ideas

Browse Mercy family gift ideas and products below. If there are multiple coats of arms for this surname, you will see them at the top of this page and can click on the various coat of arms designs to apply them to the gift ideas below.

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Northall, co. Essex, and co. Hereford). Gu. on a fesse engr. ar. betw. three water bougets or, a cross formée sa. bezantee betw. two cloves of the last.
2) Ar. on a bend gu. three lozenges of the field.

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References   [ + ]

1. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
2. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
3. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
4. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
5. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
6. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P76-77
7. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P281
8. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Water Bouget
9. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P114
10. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P117
11. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Lozenge
13. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P262