Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Meyrick Name
Origins of Meyrick:
This ancient surname was listed with the spellings of Meyric, Meyrick, Merrick and the American Myrick, is of Anglo-Welsh and possibly Scottish origins. The first is Welsh, and acquires from “Meyric, the Prince of Cardigan,” and an administrator of the North Wales tribe based upon Bodorgan, on the Island of Anglesey. It said that the Welsh origin is of Norman descent, being a form of “Maurice,” and dating back to King John of England in 1199. The second origin is Norman and may be the similar source as the first. It acquires from the Old French particular name “Maurice” brought into England after the Invasion of 1066. This name is a combination of the Germanic components “meri” or “mari,” which means “fame”, and “ric,” meaning “power.” The third possible origin is Scottish, and as such a locational surname from the place called “Merrick” located near Minigaff in Dumfries and Galloway. This place name was acquired from the Gaelic word “meurach” which means “a section or fork of a road or river.” Early examples of the surname records contain Henrye Merriche in the Census Tax rolls of Yorkshire in 1379, David Meyrick of Bodorgan, North Wales in the year 1415 and Richard Merrick, who married Martha Tither in London in 1610. One of the earliest travelers in the New world was, John Merrick Esq., who in 1678 noted in the church of St. Andrew’s the Island of Barbados, as having 266 acres of land and six servants.
More common variations are: Meyricke, Meyerick, Merick, Myrick, Meyric, Meyrck, Merrick, Mayrick, Meryick, Meyriek.
The surname Meyrick first appeared in Anglesey, a Welsh-speaking island, and present day Division of Island of Anglesey found at the northwestern extremity of Wales, where they held a family seat from early times.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Meuric de Hope, dated about 1272, in the “Charter rolls of Testa de Neville,” It was during the time of King Edward I, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England.
Many of the people with surname Meyrick had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
Some of the people with the surname Meyrick who landed in Australia in the 19th century included Charles Meyrick, English convict from Middlesex, who shifted aboard the “Ann” in August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia. William Meyrick arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship “Salacia” in 1850. Maria Meyrick, Welsh convict from Cardiff, Glamorganshire, who shifted aboard the “Anna Maria” in October 1851, settling in Van Diemen‘s Land, Australia.
Some of the individuals with the surname Meyrick who landed in New Zealand in the 19th century included Henry Meyrick, James Meyrick and Eliza Meyrick, all arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship “Alma” in the same year 1857.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Meyrick: England 1,129; Wales 373; United States 260; South Africa 164; Australia 156; New Zealand 140; Canada 57; United Arab Emirates 54; Hong Kong 47; Scotland 26.
Rowland Meyrick (1505–1566), was a Welsh priest.
Samuel Rush Meyrick (1783–1848), was an English inventor.
Meyrick Coat of Arms Meaning
The four main devices (symbols) in the Meyrick blazon are the stave, lion, Cornish chough and fleur-de-lis. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and argent.
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) . In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper .
The staff raguly or ragged staff frequently occurs in heraldry and is intended to show a rough-hewn branch for use as a walking aid or club, and sometimes appear in flame at the top. Famously, a ragged staff appears with a bear in the arms associated with the family and county of Warwick in England. Stave is another form of the staff, meaning a tree branch broken off suitable for use a walking aid, often associated with Pilgrims
The art of heraldry would be significantly poorer if we were without the lion in all its forms. Most general works on Heraldry devote at least one chapter solely to this magnificent creature and its multifarious depictions . Some of the earliest known examples of heraldry, dating right back to the knighting of Geoffrey of Anjou in 1127, where he is shown with six such beasts upon his shield .The great authority on heraldic symbology, Wade, points out the high place that the lion holds in heraldry, “as the emblem of deathless courage” , a sentiment echoed equally today.
Birds of great variety occur throughout heraldry, at least in name . The Cornish Chough is a member of the crow family and is often depicted as black with red or orange beak and legs. Wade gives it the role of “king of crows” and believes that its use denotes a “man of stratagems”.