Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, and Earl of March: earldom extinct 1424; barony merged in the Crown upon the accession of Edward IV.; descended from Ralph de Murtime, who accompanied William I. to England, and had a grant of Wigmore Castle; Sir Edmund Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, fourth in descent from Hugh de Mortimer, first feudal Lord of Wigmore, the eldest son of the grantee, was summoned to Parliament, 1294. The second baron, Roger Mortimer, one of the Founder Knights of the Garter, was created Earl of March by charter, 1328. Edmund, third Earl of March, m. the Lady Philippa Plantagenet, only dau. and heir of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, second son of Edward III.; his son Roger, fourth Earl of March, was declared by Parliament, 9 Richard II., 1285, “Heir presumptive to the Crown." Lady Anne Mortimer, only dau. of the fourth earl, and sister and heir of the fifth and last earl, m. Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, and her grandson, Edward, Duke of York, ascended the throne as Edward IV., when the honours of the Mortimers merged in the Crown). (Baron Mortimer, of Chirke. Roger Mortimer, second son of Roger Mortimer, fifth feudal Lord of Wigmore, was summoned to Parliament, 1307, but none of his descendants were subsequently summoned). S Barry of six or and az. on a chief of the first two pallets betw. two base esquierres of the second, over all an inescutcheon ar. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet a plume of feathers. Supporters—Two lions guard.
2) (Baron Mortimer, of Richards Castle, abeyance 1304; descended from Robert Mortimer, younger brother of Hugh Mortimer, first feudal Lord of Wigmore). Same Arms, a bend gu. for diff.
3) (Cheshunt, co. Herts; granted 14 June, 1688). Or, ten fleurs-de-lis, four, three, two, and one sa. a chief az.
4) (London). Same Arms. Crest—A torteau betw. two wings or.
5) (London). Motto—Press forward. Or, guttée de sang a lion ramp. az. Crest—A buck’s head erased quarterly or and gu.
6) (Kingston Manor, co. Cambridge; Constantink Mortimer, temp. Richard II.). Or, three fleurs-de-lis sa.
7) (Chelmarsh). Barry of six or and gu. an inescutcheon ar. on a chief of the first three pallets betw. two esquierres of the second.
8) (co. Norfolk). Or, semée-de-lis sa. Crest—A buck’s head quarterly or and gu. attired of the first
9) Barry of six or and vert sixteen fleurs-de-lis counterchanged, three, three, three, three, three, and one.
10) Or, six fleurs-de-lis az. (another, sa.).
11) Ar. semée of crosses crosslet sa. three fleurs de lis of the last.
12) Az. semée-de-lis ar.
13) Gu. two bars ar. in chief three mullets pierced of the second.
14) Erm. on a fess az. three crosses crosslet or.
15) Ar. on a cross az. five fleurs-de-lis (another, escallops) or.
16) (Reg. Ulster’s Office). Or, six fleurs-de-lis sa. three, two. and one.
17) (Craigievar, co. Aberdeen). Or, a lion ramp. sa. guttée d’or.
18) (Auchenbody, Scotland). Motto—Acquirit qui tuetur. Paly of six ar. and az. a lion ramp. sa. guttée d'eau. Crest—A bulls’ head cabossed sa.
19) (Fonthill Park, co. Wilts, from Scotland, 1827). Motto—Acquirit qui tuetur. Or, a lion ramp. sa. guttée of the field betw. three sinister hands couped paleways gu. Crest—A stag's head affrontée erased ppr. attired or.
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Mortimer Name
Origins of Mortimer:
According to early recordings, this name was recorded with different spellings, including Mortimer and the more uncommon Mortimore. It is one of the more famous names in history. It is English, can be Scottish and in some cases Irish, but in all terms the origin is Norman-French. It was recorded in England in the year 1066, for one Roger de Mortemer, one of the successful commanders under William the Conqueror. It was during his success that he rewarded with gifts the vast area of lands, especially in the Welsh progress. In the famous grammatical book “Patronymica Brittania” it is registered that “the palace and barony of Mortemer lie in the arrondissement of Neufchatel in Normandy”. After the year 1066, the name holders played a major part in British history, for example when Roger de Mortimer, forced King Edward II of England in 1327 to give up power in favor for his son, Edward III. Initial examples of the surname recordings, included Ralph de Mortimer of Lincoln, and Hugh de Mortuomari, both in the Hundred Rolls of the year 1273. It said that the name is an explanation of area of Normandy which was misleading and muddy, and so that mort-mer, or a deathly water.
More common variations are: Mortimeer, Mortimere, Mortimmer, Mortimr, Mortmer, Mrtimer, Mortimeyer, Mortimor, Martimer, Mortemer.
The origins of the surname Mortimer is known to be in Herefordshire where people held a family seat from early times as the King of castle and lands in that division. It is said that Ranulph de Mortimer, guided William, the successful man and was gifted Wigmore Palace in Hereford. They became the King of Wigmore. The early recordings of the spelling of the family name are shown to be that of Hugh de Mortemer, dated 1055, when he was the priest of Coutances, in France.
People with the Mortimer surname also settled in the United States in four different centuries respectively in the 17th, 18th,19th, and 20th. Margaret Mortimer and James Mortimer came to Pennsylvania in the years 1683 and 1696.
The following century saw many more people with Mortimer surnames arrive including Alexander Mortimer and Edward Mortimer came in Maryland in the years 1716 and 1726. Isabel Mortimer and Robert Mortimer settled in America respectively in the years 1758 and 1773.
People with the Mortimer surname who arrived in the 19th century included John Mortimer in the year 1809 in America. Benjamin Mortimer in New York in 1812. Charlotte Mortimer, Edmund Mortimer, and Martha Mortimer landed in New York in the year 1831.
People with the Mortimer surname also arrived in the United States in the 20th century included Alfred G. Mortimer in 1903. Allan L. Mortimer, at the age of 24 and Aileci Mortimer, aged 42 settled in America from Bradford, England in the year 1907. Alex Mortimer and Alfred James Mortimer landed in America in the year 1908.
People of Mortimer family who settled in Canada in the 18th century included Richard Mortimer arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749.
Some of the Mortimer family who settled ultimately in Australia in the 19th century included John Mortimer, an English prisoner from Middlesex, aboard the ship Almorah on April 1817, arrived in New South Wales, Australia. William Mortimer, Hannah Mortimer, William Mortimer Mortimer arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ships ” Asia” and ” Buckinghamshire ” in the year 1839.
Here is the population distribution of the last name Mortimer: United States 6,705; England 9,991; Australia 3,134; Canada 1,380; South Africa 2,940; Scotland 833; Wales 519; Brazil 413; New Zealand 660; The Bahamas 642.
Mortimer J. Adler (1902–2001), was an American philosopher, professor, and writer.
Mortimer Caplin (born 1916), was an American lawman and educated man.
Mortimer Collins (1827–1876), was an English poet and novel writer.
Mortimer Davis (1866–1928), was a Canadian businessperson and contributor.
Mortimer Durand (1850-1924), was a British politician and civil attendant in British India.
Mortimer Fitzland Elliott (1839-1920), was an American lawmaker man.
Mortimer Coat of Arms Meaning
The three main devices (symbols) in the Mortimer blazon are the barry, inescutcheon and fleur-de-lis. The three main tinctures (colors) are sable, azure and or .
Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur . In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known . Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy .
Azure is the heraldic colour blue, usually quite a deep, dark shade of the colour (there is a lighter blue that sometimes occurs, known as celestial azure). If colour printing is not available then it can be represented by closely spaced horizontal lines in a scheme known as “hatching” . The word is thought to originate from the Arabic lazura and it represents the colour of the eastern sky. It is also said to be the colour associated by the Catholic Church with the Virgin Mary and hence of particular significance .
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa . The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo..
When the field of the shield is filled with alternately coloured horizontal lines, this is known as barry, obviously because it is like having many separate bars across the field . Such shields have great clarity from a distance, those awarded by Henry III of England to Richard de Grey were, for example, Barry argent and azure, simple blue and white horizontal stripes. According to Wade, there was no specific meaning to be attached to barry itself, but it affords the opportunity to display at equal importance two colours that may themselves have specific meanings .
The escutcheon simply represents smaller shield shapes included within the shield, and its close relative, the inescutcheon is just a larger version occupying most of the field. There is no particular significance that can accorded to the escutcheon itself, but attention should be paid to the colour and devices that are borne upon it. The escutcheon may also be added to an existing coat of arms either as recognition of some additional honour (an escutcheon of augmentation”) or in the case where arms that are already quartered are to be combined an escutcheon with the new arms may be placed overall (an ”escutcheon of pretence”).
The fleur-de-lys (“flower of the lily”) has a long and noble history and was a symbol associated with the royalty of France even before heraldry became widespread. . The Lily flower is said to represent “Purity, or whiteness of soul” and sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary. The fleur-de-lys is also used as a small “badge”, known as a mark of cadency to show that the holder is the sixth son of the present holder of the arms