Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Newburgh Name
Origins of Newburgh:
Newburgh is a name that was brought to England by the founders of the Newburgh family when they migrated to the region after the Norman Invasion in 1066. The Newburgh family resided in Warwickshire. Their name, however, is a reference to Newburgh. Normandy, the family’s place of residence before the Norman Invasion of England in 1066. The Newburgh surname considered to be habitational, taken on from a place name such as from Newbrough in Northumberland, which acquired from the Old English words niwe, which means “new,” and burh, meaning “fortification.”
More common variations are: Newbourgh, Newburg, Neburgh, Newborgh, Newbergh, Newbourg, Neuburgh, Neiburgh, Neburg, Newbrg.
The surname Newburgh first appeared in Warwickshire. It generally considered that the “founder of this family was Henry de Newburgh, so called from the palace of that name in Normandy, a younger son of Roger de Bellomonte, Lord of Mellent. He came in [to England] with the Conqueror, and was created Earl of Warwick. ” Berkely in Somerset was one of the original family seats. “This place appears to have formed part of the possessions of the Newborough family, who were relatives to, and came over to England with, William the Conqueror, and one of whose descendants, Thomas Newborough, was interred in the church in 1531.” From this early record, the family quickly spread. Bindon Abbey, in the church of East Stoke, Dorset founded in 1172, by Robert de Newburgh and Maud his wife, who endowed it for monks of the Cistercian order; it dedicated to St. Mary. Winfrith-Newburgh, again in Dorset was a large holding of the family in old times. “This is a very extensive and old church, giving name to the hundred. It formerly belonged to the family of Newburgh, who had a seat here, of which there are no traces.” A tone time East Lullworth in Dorset was “at a very early time, in the property of the De Lolleworths, and subsequently of the Newburghs, who arrived to the property in the reign of Edward I.” (the family inherited East Lullworth and gave it up during the reign of Edward I. In the 16th and 17th century this church would pass to the Howards and then to the Weld family.) Wellesbourn [in Warwickshire] given by the Invader to Henry de Newburg, and afterward granted, as considered, by one of the Norman earls of Warwick to Robert de Hasting.”
United States of America:
Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Newburgh among those contributors like E. P. Newbrough settled in San Francisco in 1850. Thomas Newberry settled in New England in 1630. John Newberry settled in New York in 1775.
Newburgh Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Newburgh blazon are the bendy and lozengy. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and or.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli . Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” .
Or is the heraldic metal Gold, often shown as a bold, bright yellow colour. It is said to show “Generosity and elevation of the mind” . Later heralds, of a more poetic nature liked to refer to it as Topaz, after the gemstone, and, for obvious reasons associated it with the Sun . In drawings without colour it is usually represented by many small dots, or by the letter ‘O’ .
Knowing that the bend is a diagonal stripe of colour, we can easily conclude that bendy is the variant whereby the whole of the shield is covered with diagonal stripes of alternating colours, usually around 4 or 5 of each colour. We should not assign any particular significance to the choice of this pattern, but rather more to the colours they are composed of.
Anyone who has seen a typical Jester’s or Harlequin’s outfit has seen the treatment known as lozengy – a pattern of interlocking diamonds of two different colours . It normally covers the whole field of the shield, as in the ancient arms of FITZ-WILLIAM, Lozengy, argent and gules, a striking example of the form.