Blazons & Genealogy Notes
1) (Glassenbury, co. Kent; descended from the marriage of Stephen Robertes, temp. Richard II., with the dau. and heiress of William Tyllye, of Glassenbury). (Glassenbury, co. Kent, bart., extinct 1745; Sir Thomas Roberts, Knt., of Glassenbury, was created a bart. 1620; the sixth bart. left an only dau. and heir, Jane, m. 1752, George, third Duke of St. Albans, and d. s. p. 1778. The manor of Glassenbury was devised by the last bart. to Sir Thomas Roberts, Bart., of Brightfieldstown, co. Cork, descended of this family). (Borzell, Ticehurst, and Stonehouse, co. Sussex, descended from Roberts, of Glassenbury). Az. on a chev. ar. three mullets sa. Crest—An eagle displ. ar. gorged with a chaplet vert.
2) (Drybridge, co. Monmouth, and Stourbridge, co. Worcester). Per bend dovetailed gu. and or, a lion ramp. betw. in sinister chief and dexter base two pheons all counterchanged. Crest—A demi lion ramp. guard. per bend dovetailed or and gu. holding in the dexter paw a sword erect ppr. and resting the sinister paw on a pheon gold.
3) (Comb Martin, co. Devon; Mart, dau. and co-heir of Richard Roberts, Esq., of Comb Martin, temp. Queen Elizabeth, m. Thomas Westcott, Esq., of Raddon, same co. Visit. Devon, 1620). Az. on a chev. ar. three mullets sa.
4) (Sutton Chevell, co. Leicester; William Roberts, Esq., of Sutton Chevell, High Sheriff of the co. 1619, grandson of William Roberts, of the same place, who was great-grandson of Henry Roberts, sixth son of John Robertes, Esq., of Aston, Stanton Lacy, and Burway, co. Salop. Visit. Leicester, 1619). Per pale ar. and gu. a lion ramp. sa. Crest—An antelope’s head erased per fess ar. and gu.
5) (co. Leicester; Francis Roberts, Esq., of Willesden, co. Middlesex, and Thomas Roberts, of co. Leicester, eldest and second son of Edward Roberts, Esq., of Willesden. Visit. Leicester, 1619). Ar. three pheons sa. on a chief of the last a greyhound courant of the first, collared gu., quartering, 1st, per fess ar. and gu. a pale counterchanged three demi lions ramp. couped sa. crowned or; 2nd, ar. on a fess sa. three fleurs-de-lis or.
6) (Willesden, co. Middlesex, bart., extinct 1700; William Roberts, one of the Commissioners appointed for the trial of Charles I., was created a bart. 8 Nov. 1661). Ar. six pheons sa. on a chief of the last a greyhound of the first, gorged or. Crest—A greyhound ar. gorged gu.
7) (Stepney, co. Middlesex). Or, a lion ramp. reguard. sa. on a chief wavy az. three ostrich feathers ar.
8) (Bristol, Westerley, co. Gloucester). Per pale ar. and gu. a lion ramp. sa. Crest—An antelope’s head erased per fess or and gu. (another, a stag’s head).
9) (Beechfield, Bromley, co. Kent; descended from Edward Roberts, Esq., of St. Thomas Hill, near Canterbury, co. Kent). Az. on a chev. or, three mullets sa. Crest—An eagle displ. Motto—Dum spiro spero.
10) (Llangedwin, co. Montgomery; descended through Howel-ap-Iolyn, of Llangedwin, from Einion Efell, Lord of Cynllaeth; Catherine, dau. and heiress of Maurice Roberts, Esq., of Llangedwin, m. Owen Vaoghan, Esq., of Llwydiarth. co. Montgomery). Arms, those of Einion Efell, viz., Per fess sa. and ar. a lion ramp. counterchanged, armed and langued gu.
11) (co. Kent). Az. on a bend ar. three mullets sa. Crest—An eagle displ. ar beaked and legged or, gorged with a chaplet of laurel vert, on the arms and Crest a crescent for diff.
12) (con. Lincoln and Worcester, and London). Az. on a chev. ar. throe mullets pierced sa. Crest—A demi lion az. holding a mullet ar. pierced sa.
13) (London). Az. on a chev. ar. three mullets ea. a chief indented or. Crest—A demi lion az. holding in the dexter paw a mullet sa.
14) (Bow, co. Middlesex). Gu. a lion ramp. guard. or.
15) (co. Cornwall, and Twickenham, co. Middlesex; granted 1614). (Barnstaple, co. Devon). Az. three estoiles or, a chief wavy of the second. Crest—A lion ramp. or, holding in the dexter paw a sword, the blade wavy ar. hilt and pommel of the first.
16) (Little Braxsted, co. Essex). Ar. three pheons sa. on a chief of the second a greyhound courant of the first, collared gu. Crest—Out of a ducal coronet or, a demi greyhound sa. Another Crest—A leopard’s head guard. and erased ar. charged with torteaux.
17) (Milford Haven, co. Pembroke; granted to Thomas Roberts, Esq., J.P. and D.L., of Milford Haven, and of Trione, co. Pembroke, and his descendants, and the other descendants of his grandfather, late of Milford Haven). Erminois a lion ramp. guard. gu. in chief two square castles towered and domed ppr. all within a bordure indented of the second. Crest—A lion ramp. guard. gu. gorged with a collar engr. gold, holding in the dexter paw a dagger ppr. and resting the sinister fore-paw upon a shield or, charged with a bull’s head caboshed betw. three mullets of six points gu.
18) (Liskeard, co. Cornwall). Gu. three goats’ heads erased or.
19) (Coeddu, co. Flint). Gu. three lions ramp. ar. Crest—A lion ramp. Motto—Dum spiro spero.
20) (cos. Salop and Somerset; granted 1578). Or, a fess wavy betw. three bucks trippant sa. Crest—On a mount vert a buck trippant sa. attired or, ducally gorged and chained of the last.
21) (Wales). Or, a lion ramp. reguard. gu.
22) Ar. a mullet betw. three pheons sa. on a chief of the second a greyhound courant of the first, collared gu.
23) Ar. a fess wavy betw. three stags pass. sa. Crest—A stag pass. sa. Motto—Successus a Deo est.
24) (Field House, co. Worcester; granted by Young, Garter, to William Roberts, Esq.). Per bend dovetail gu. and or, a lion ramp. betw. two pheons all counterchanged. Crest—A demi lion guard. per bend dovetail or and gu. holding in the dexter paw a sword erect gu. and resting the sinister on a pheon gold. Motto—God and my conscience.
25) (Crompton-Roberts, Sunnyside, Regent's Park, London; borne by Charles Henry Crompton-Roberts, Esq., who to. Mary, only dau. and heir of Roger Crompton, Esq., of Kersley and Breightmet, co. Lancaster). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, per bend dovetailed gu. and or, a lion ramp. betw. in sinister chief and dexter base two pheons all counterchanged, for Roberts; 2nd and 3rd, per pale ar. and az. on a fess wavy betw. three lions ramp. two lozenges all counterchanged, for Crompton. Crests— 1st, Roberts: A demi lion ramp. guard. per bend dovetailed or and gu. holding in the dexter paw a sword erect ppr. and resting the sinister paw on a pheon gold; 2nd, Crompton: A talbot sejant or, pellettée, resting the dexter paw on an escutcheon az. charged with a lozenge ar.
26) (Corfton Manor, co. Salop; exemplified to Thomas Lloyd Roberts, Esq., of that place). Az. on a chev. per pale erm. and erminois three mullets pierced sa. a bordure wavy or. Crest—A demi lion per pale erminois and az. in the dexter paw a mullet pierced sa. and charged with a bendlet wavy sinister or and az. Motto—Deo adjuvante fortuna sequatur.
27) (Ombersley, co. Worcester, Camberwell, co. Surrey, and Secdley, co. Lancaster). Ermines a goat pass. ar. horned and unguled, and betw. three annulets or. Crest: On a mount vert a holly tree ppr. in front thereof a goat, statant ar. armed and unguled or, gorged with a collar gemel sa. in the mouth a sprig of holly also ppr. Motto—Ewch ymlaen (Go forward).
28) (Brightfieldstown, co. Cork, bart.; descended from Rev. Thomas Roberts, of the family of Roberts, of Glassenbury, b. 1599, who got a grant of the Rectory of St. John of Jerusalem, co. Cork, 1636, Rector of St. Nicholas, Cork, 1639, Chancellor of Cork, 1661, d. 1664; his son, Randall Roberts, Esq., of Brightfieldstown, d. 1696, leaving, with other issue, two sons: 1) Thomas, whose grandson, Thomas, was created a bart. 1809; 2) Hodder, ancestor of Roberts, of Kilmoney Abbey, co. Cork). (Kilmoney Abbey, co. Cork; represented by Michael Roberts, Esq., Fell. Trin. Coll. Dublin; descended from Hodder Roberts, second son of Randall Roberts, Esq., of Brightfieldstown). (Ulster King of Arms; William Roberts, Esq., LL.S., appointed 1643, s. by Sir Richard Carney, 1655). Sa. on a chev. ar. betw. two couplecloses or, three mullets of six points pierced of the field. Crest—On a mount vert an eagle displ. az. wreathed round the neck with ivy ppr. Motto— Post funera virtus.
29) (Fun. Ent. Ulster’s Office, 1665, Mr. Cadogan, alias Roberts; William Cadogan, of Ardbracan, co. Meath, made his will 1660, leaving a wife, Elizabeth, whose will was proved 1666). Gu. a chev. erm. betw. three wild men's heads couped at the neck ar.
30) (granted to Gen. Sir Abraham Roberts, K.C.B., Col. 101st Regt., and to the descendants of his grandfather, John Roberts, Esq., of Waterford). Az. three estoiles or, on a chief wavy of the second an Eastern crown gu. Crest—A lion ramp. or, armed and langued gu. charged on the shoulder with an Eastern crown of the last, and holding in the dexter paw a sword, the blade wavy ar. hilt and pommel gold. Motto—Virtute et valore.
31) (Dormstown Castle, co. Meath; confirmed to Thomas Lewis Roberts, Esq., of that place, eldest son of Rev. John Roberts, Rector of Rathcore, co. Meath, and to their descendants). Vert on a chev. betw. three eagles displ. with two heads or, an estoile sa. Crest—An eagle’s head couped or, charged with an estoile sa. Motto—Eu ner a folant.
32) (Lieut.-Gen. Sir Frederick Sleigh Roberts,G.C.B., V.C., C.I.E., Bart., created 15 June, 1881). Az. three estoiles or, on a chief wavy of the second an eastern crown gu. Crest— A lion ramp. or, armed and langued gu. charged on the shoulder with an eastern crown, as in the arms, and bolding in the dexter paw a sword blade wavy ar. pommel and hilt gold. Supporters (to descend with the baronetcy)—Dexter, a Highlander of the 92nd regt.; sinister, a Goorka, both habited, and holding in their exterior hands a rifle all ppr. Motto—Virtute et valore.
33) (co. Essex). Ar. a mullet betw. three pheons sa. on a chief of the second a greyhound courant of the first, collared gu.
34) (co. Kent). Ar. on a chev. sa. three mullets or.
35) (Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, London). Per pale ar. and gu. a lion ramp. betw. four escallops counterchanged. Crest—A stag's head erased per fesse erminois and gu. attired or, gorged with a collar invected per fesse az. and ar. thereon a cross pattée betw. two annulets gold.
36) (Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London). Ar. three crossbows, two and one. Crest—A stag lodged ppr. attired or.
37) or Roberts - Az. on a chev. ar. three mullets sa. Crest—Out of a maunch per pale ar. and gu. cuffed of the second, a hand clenched ppr.
38) (Lillingstone, co. Bucks). Quarterly, 1st and 4th. sa. three crossbows ar.; 2nd and 3rd, sa. a chev. erm. betw. three martlets ar. Crest—A stag lodged reguard. ppr. Motto—Nec temere nec timide.
39) (Lanhydcrock, co. Cornwall). Az. three estoiles and a chief wavy or. Crest—A lion ramp. or, holding a flaming sword erect ppr. the pommel and hilt of the first.
40) (Earl of Radnor, extinct 1764; descended from Sir Richard Roberts, Knt., of Truro, co. Cornwall, created a ban. 1621, and Baron Roberts 1625; the second baron was raised to the earldom 1679). Az. three estoiles or, a chief wavy of the last. Crest—A lion ramp. or, holding a darning aword ppr. Supporters—Two goats ar. ducally gorged az. Motto—Quae supra.
41) (Agar-Robartes, Baron Robartes: Mary Robartes, sister, and in her issue eventual heiress of Henry, third Earl of Radnor, to. Thomas Hunt, Esq., of Mollington, co. Chester, and had an elder son, Thomas Hunt, Esq., of Mollington, whose only dau. and heir m. Hod. Charles Bagenal Agar, youngest son of John, first Viscount Clifden, and had an elder son, Thomas James Agar, who assumed the additional surname of Robartes, and was created a Peer 1869). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. three estoiles and a chief wavy or; 2nd and 3rd, az. a lion ramp. or. Crests—1st, a lion ramp. or, holding a flaming sword erect ppr. the pommel and hilt of the first; 2nd, a demi lion ramp. or. Supporters— On either side a goat ar. ducally gorged and charged on the shoulders with an estoile az.
42) Or, a chev. gu. betw. three plates.
Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Roberts Name
Surname Meaning, Origin, and Etymology
The surname Roberts derives from the personal name Robert. This last name was very common in Europe during the 10th century, especially in England and Scotland. It is a combination of the Old German words “hrod,” which means renowned, and “beorth,” which means bright or famous. Together, these old terms formed the name “Hrodbeorht.” There are two other possible meanings for the surname Roberts: “servant of Robert” and “son of Robert,” which has the same meaning as Robertson, a patronymic surname. Furthermore, Roberts is a surname that gave birth to other last names such as the previously mentioned Robertson, among others.
Roberts was already present in the isles of England before the Norman Conquest in 1066, but it reached the mainland, and due to the invasion of the Normans, it appears several times in the Domesday Book of 1086. This book was made by order of William the Conqueror to keep track of land owners.
One of the first records of this surname belongs to Willelmus filius Roberti, who appeared in the Domesday Book as being in the region of Kent, England. Besides England and Scotland, Roberts was also a very popular last name in Wales during the medieval era.
Coat of Arms
There were several coats of arms for the Roberts surname, but one of the most popular had the following elements: first, it had the color yellow or gold, which represents generosity, then the color green or vert, which represents hope or joy and in some cases loyalty and love. Another element was the chevron, which signifies protection; the chevron was often given to someone who accomplished a great goal in a difficult campaign. The next element it had was the eagle, which symbolizes power and strength, and finally the estoile, which represents the goodness of God.
In the case of the surname Roberts, there is a series of reasons that could have caused many spelling variations. One of them was that the Old English language didn’t rely on spelling rules, so many words – including last names – were written according to how they were pronounced. Due to this fact, a single person could have had his or her surname written in many ways, so it was not rare to find different last names that actually referred to the same person.
Another reason was the mix of languages in England during the medieval era and also the translation of names and surnames. For example, the Brythonic language from Wales had very complicated sounds that were very difficult to translate to English. Apart from these two previous reasons, there were also different branches of the same family, with different religious preferences, patriotic loyalties, and all of these were motives to create new spelling variations of the surname.
Due to these reasons, Roberts had a lot of spelling variations such as Robert, Roberd, Roberdes, Robartes, Robart, Robarts, Rob, Ruppert, Robertson, and others that were very different such as Rubke, Ruppertz, Rops, Rubbens, among many others.
Popularity & Geographic Distribution
The surname Roberts is among the most popular surnames in the entire world, as it holds the 658th position in the rank of popular last names. There are approximately 793,774 people in the world who bear the Roberts surname. The country where it is most prevalent is the United States, and it has its highest density in Wales, which is expected, as it is one of its countries of origin. The second country where it is most popular is England, and in third place is Australia, which is another country of origin for this surname. All of this data is taken from the census of 2014.
Early Bearers of the Surname
Thanks to its spelling variations, there are several records of old bearers of the Roberts surname such as John Roberd, who appeared in the Hundred Rolls of Berkshire around 1279, and Counrad Ruprecht of Eblingen in Germany in 1282. Another early bearer of the surname was William Robert, who was mentioned in the Fines Court Rolls of Essex, England in 1292. Also, during the medieval era, there was Richard Roberdes, who appeared in the Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire, England in 1327; Neyneke Robeken of Hannover, from Germany in 1359, and Eberlin Rubbart of Stuttgart in 1445.
History, Genealogy, and Ancestry
There were many different branches of the last name Roberts, and they weren’t part of the same family. They came from different places and different times, but they all shared the same surname. The first ones on the list are the Roberts of Ardmore, whose representative was Richard Roberts, Esquire of Ardmore. He was born in 1828 and married Henrietta Sarah Droman, who was the eldest daughter of Robert Hedges Eyre White, Esquire of Glengariffe caste, and his wife Charlotte Mary. Richard and Henrietta had the following children: John, who was born in 1860, Richard Hedges Eyre, Byam Martin, Norcott D’Esterre, Charlotte Frances, Anna Maude, Henrietta Sarah Vereker, who died while she was still an infant, and Henrietta Sarah Vereker.
The lineage of the Roberts of Ardmore begins with Roberts of Ardmore, who affirmed he was a descendant of Robartes of Cornwall. Roberts of Ardmore traveled to America, but then settled in Ireland, where he married and had his children: John (his heir), Jane, Sarah, who married Henry Cheney, and Mary, who married the Esquire of Bentley, with whom she had her children Robert and Mary – both died young.
Then, John Roberts became Esquire of Ardmore and married Sarah, the second daughter of John Lake of Passage. They had offspring, including John, who died in infancy, Richard, who would become the heir, and Mary, who married William Atkins, Esquire of Fountainville, in 1782. John Roberts died in 1795 and was succeeded by his son Richard, while his wife died on April 8, 1810 at the age of 78.
Richard Roberts, Esquire of Ardmore, was born in 1751 and married Bridget Norris, daughter of William Norris, Esquire of Old Court. Bridget died in 1794 before she and Richard had any children. Then, he married a second time, marrying Mary Anne Neville, daughter of Norcott D’Esterre, Esquire of Killura. Richard and Mary Anne had two children. The first one was John, who became the heir. Then, they had Norcott D’Esterre, who married Cherry Torrens, the second daughter of Colonel Rober Torrens, in 1841. Norcott and Cherry had their own children, Norcott D’Esterre, Richard Torres, Cherrubina Herbet D’Esterre, and Jane.
Richard Roberts’ third child was named Richard, and he grew up to become a Lieutenant and commander of ship, “The President.” Richard married Jane Johnson, daughter of William Johnson, Esquire of Cork. Richard and Jane had only one child: Richard, Captain of the Kerry Militia, who got married to Lucia Parker on February 23, 1867. The second son of Richard Roberts and Bridget was William D’Esterre, who in 1846 married Christina M’Call, daughter of M’Call Browne, Esquire of Langtine. William and Christina had their offspring: William D’Esterre, Norcott D’Esterre, Richard, Christina, Minnie D’Esterre, Sarah Green, Jane, Anne Amelia Sherson, and Wilhelmina.
The fifth son of Richard and Bridget was Abraham, but he died young. Then, they had daughters, including Anne Eliza, who in 1816 got married to William Fitzwilliam Wentworth, and Sarah, who married Sydenham Green, Esquire of Bristol, and then died in 1869. Their third daughter, Marianne, married William Maitland.
Richard Roberts was succeeded by his eldest son, John, after his death. John Roberts became the new Esquire of Ardmore. He was born in 1801 and married Anne Johnson, daughter of William Johnson, Esquire of Noble Johnson. They had the following children: Richard, William D’Esterre, who on December 21, 1866, married Emily G. Villiers, daughter of Reverend Arthur Leman, Norcott D’Esterre, Jon, Sarah, and Mary Anne D’Esterre, who married R. Hedges Eyre White, Esquire of Glengariffe Castle and Eliza. John Roberts died in 1850.
The next line of this surname consisted of the Roberts of Coeddu, whose representative was Arthur Troughton Roberts, Esquire of Coeddu. He was born on November 28, 1815, and got married to Grace Rebecca, daughter of William Phillips, Esquire of Witstou Court, on April 10, 1849. Arthur and Grace had several sons including Arthur Phillips (b. July 4, 1851), who was a Barrister-at-Law and then Capt. of the Royal Flintshire Militia. Then, they had Hugh Williams in 1836, Llewelyn Rodie Hughes in 1858, John Troughton in 1865, and William Howell in 1868. They also had several daughters: Grace Elizabeth Alice, Anne Maude, Ethel Frances, and Margaret Mary.
The lineage of this family begins with Hugh Roberts, son of Hugh Roberts, and his wife Alice Beaver. Hugh Roberts son, married Ann Hughes, daughter of John Hughes, on November 7, 1814. Hugh and Alice had children; their firstborn was Arthur Troughton, now of Coeddu, and then they had Hugh Beaver, who married Harriet Wyatt, daughter of James Wyatt.
Hugh Beaver and Harriet had five children: first they had Hugh Stuart in 1851, then Llewelyn Lloyd, who died in 1864, Emily, who married William Milne, Frances Susanna, who married Richard Reynolds Rathbone, and Mariana, who married Reverend H.T. Harris.
Another branch of this last name was represented by the Roberts of Dormstown Castle. The head of this family was Thomas Lewis Roberts, Esquire of Dormstown Castle, who was born in 1808 and went on to marry Matilda, daughter of Robert Hewetson Richards, in 1836. Thomas and Matilda had 4 children, including John Richards, who on July 2, 1864, married Matilda Barbara Eliza, the eldest daughter of Captain Richard Everard of Randalstown House. From this marriage, Thomas Herbert, William Everard, Grace, Maude, Alice, and Amy were born.
The second son of Thomas and Matilda was William, part of the 7th Fusiliers, and their third son was Thomas Herbert, who in 1871, got married to Sarah, daughter of T.M. Daly, a member of parliament in the Dominion of Canada, and from this marriage their children Thomas Lewis, William, and Helen Maude were born. Thomas and Matilda also had a daughter named Anna.
This lineage begins with Henry Roberts of Hafodywern, who in 1728 married Mary Parry, second daughter of John Parry, a descendant of Orwen Gwynedd, Prince of North Wales. Henry and Mary had just one child, the Ven. John Roberts, who was Rector of Llanbedrog. John Roberts got married to Katherine Jones, the daughter and heir of John Jones, Esquire of Tanrallt and Hendre. From this marriage, the following children were born: Thomas Roberts, who married Anna Diana Owen and became a reverend and Rector of Llarmore; Henry Roberts, who became a Colonel in the Army; William Roberts, reverend and Rector of LLambulan who married Margaret Goddard; John, who continued the lineage, and Richard Worthington, a surgeon and husband of Sophia Mary Bolton. They also had several daughters, including Jane, Ann, Ellen, Margaret, Mary, who got married to Rev. P. Williams, and Catherine, who married Rev. C. Chester.
The fourth son of Henry Roberts and Mary Parry, Rev. John Roberts, became Rector of Bathcore and later married Anna Maria Thompson, daughter of David Thompson, Esquire of Oatlands. Then, they had the following children: Thomas Lewis, John, David, who married Miss Nightingale, and Anna, who married Dugall Campbell, an esquire.
Early American and New World Settlers
After the discovery of the New World, many people decided to cross the ocean from Europe to America in the hopes of starting a new life. These individuals not only brought their cultures and traditions with them, but also their family names. Roberts was among the thousands of surnames that arrived in America at that time, and the following are some of the most important bearers of said surname. During the 17th century, some of the Roberts who arrived in America were: Elias Roberts, who arrived in Virginia in 1624; Blanch Roberts, who at 20 years old landed in Bermuda in 1635; John Roberts, who arrived in Virginia in 1638; Edward Roberts, who also landed in Virginia in 1639, and Ewen Roberts, who arrived in Virginia in 1643.
During the next century, the arrival of bearers of the Roberts surname to the United States continued with Ellis Roberts, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1703; Alexander Roberts, who arrived in Jamaica in 1780, and Bennet Roberts, who landed in Mississippi in 1799. Then, in the 19th century the Roberts who reached the United States were Edmond Roberts, who arrived in New York in 1802; Brice Roberts, who landed in New York in 1822; David Roberts, who also got to New York in 1831; Amelia Roberts, who reached Key West in 1838 at the age of 20, and Francis Roberts, who got to Charleston in South Carolina during 1841.
Canada also took in many people with the last name Roberts over the centuries. In the 18th century, there was a Thomas Roberts U.E. aboard the “HMS Clinton” who landed in Port Roseway, Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783. He had traveled from New York. There was also Zachariah Roberts U.E., who arrived in Queens County, New Brunswick in 1784, and Stephen Roberts U.E., who arrived in Charlotte County, New Brunswick in the same year. What they all had in common was the initials U.E. in their name, which stood for United Empire. These initials meant that they were loyal to the crown of England during the War of Independence of the United States.
During the 19th century, more bearers of the Roberts surname reached Canada, specifically Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833. Those people were C.S Roberts at the age of 32 years, Louisa Roberts at the age of 22, Charles William Roberts at the age of 3, and John Roberts at 20 years old.
There wasn’t just one motto for the surname Roberts. In fact, there were several. This is not strange given the fact that there were different lines and families who bore this last name. Some of the Roberts’ most important mottoes were:
- “Deo adjuvante, fortuna sequitur,” which means “with God assisting, good fortune may follow.”
- “Lente sed attente,” which means “slowly but carefully”.
- “Quce supra,” which means “what things are above.”
- “Successus a Deo est,” which means “success is from God.”
- “Dum spiro spero,” which means “while I have breath I hope.”
Mottoes were used to express important aspects of a family, such as their code of honor, how they saw life, to whom they were loyal, and also the god they worshiped. They also achieved the purpose of distinguishing families from one another. Mottoes were part of a family’s identity, and in some cases, they could be seen in the crest of arms.
There were several grantees of the surname Roberts, some of the most important were: John of Stepney Roberts, son of Edmund of co. Randor, who was born on July 25, 1720; Wilson Aylesbury Roberts of Bewdley, nephew, and heir of Wilson Aylesbury and grandson of Henry Roberts; Martha Roberts, who was the wife of Rev. John Roberts of co. Kent; Fenton Roberts of London, and Thomas Roberts of Milford Haven and Trione. Other grantees include Sir Henry Roberts K.C.B of Hazeldine, William Roberts of Field House, Charles Henry Roberts-Crompton of London, John Charles, Roberts-Gawen of Salisbury, Sir Frederick Roberts (a Major-General who was born on September 21, 1880), George Roberts of Tulsedale Villa, Sir Owen Roberts of Westbourne Terrace, London, Dr. G. Griffith Roberts from Wales, Ellis Roberts, who was a portrait painter, and finally W.R. Roberts from London.
There have been remarkable people with the surname Roberts in several professional fields who have had prestigious careers. Some of the most important are: John Griffith Roberts (1946-2016), a great football player from Wales who made almost 400 appearances from 1964 until 1983 and was part of the Wales National Team from 1971 until 1976, Ieuan Wyn Pritchard Roberts (1930-2013), and Baron Roberts of Conwy, a conservative politician from Wales and Member of Parliament for Conwy (1970-1997). Also, Kate Roberts (1891-1985) a Welsh novelist, Margaret Joan Roberts (1937-2017) an author and herbalist who wrote over 30 books in her field, and Clint Ronald Roberts (1935-2017), an American politician and member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Dakota from 1981 until 1983. Other notable bearers of this surname include Larry Roberts (1963-2016), who was an NFL football player from San Francisco, and John Dombrowski Roberts (1918-2016), a chemist from America who won the ACS Award in Pure Chemistry in 1954, the Roger Adams Award in Organic Chemistry in 1967, a Tolman Award in 1974, a Willard Gibbs Award in 1983, a Priestly Medal in 1987, a Welch Award in 1990, and several others prizes. Among other important individuals with this surname are American radio sportscaster Mike Roberts (1933-2016), Donald “Don” Roberts (1933-2016), an American college ice hockey coach who won the Hobey Baker Legends of College Hockey award in 2009, and Brian Stuart Roberts (1945-2016) a football player from Australia.
Roberts Coat of Arms Meaning
The four most common symnols in the Roberts family crest are the estoile, pheon, lion, and stag.
There were of course many widely recognised symbols that existed long before the advent of heraldry and it should be no surprise that some of these were adopted as charge in coats of arms. The estoile is a typical example, reflecting the stars in the sky and represented with six wavy points, often with a little shading to give it some depth. The ancient writer Guillim assigns these symbols as the emblems of God’s goodness”
Given the martial nature of the origins of Heraldry, in the identification of knights and men-at-arms it can come as no surprise that mediaeval weaponry of all types are frequently to be found in a coat of arms. The pheon is a specific type of arrow head with barbs and darts and hence quite distinctive in appearance. Like the other symbols related to arrows, Wade suggests the symbolism is that of “readiness for military service”.
There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms. The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.
We should be surprised to find the stag or buck, noble quarry of many a mediaeval hunt, being illustrated in many a coat of arms. It shares many of the poses to be found with the lion, but also one almost unique to the deer, grazing, as if the animal is still unaware of the hunter’s approach. In common with all symbols related to the hunt we probably need look further for their intended meaning than the pleasure taken by the holder in such pursuits!