Stebbing Coat of Arms
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Origin, Meaning, Family History and Stebbing Coat of Arms and Family Crest
Origins of Stebbing:
Listed as Stebbing, Stebbings, Stubbings, Stebbens, Stebbins and possibly others, this is an old English surname. It is almost certainly locational from the hamlet of Stebbing in the division of Essex. First noted as Stabinga and Stibinga in the famous Domesday Book of William, the Invader in 1086, the name means either the place of the Stybba people, with Stybba being a particular name of great antiquity and listed in the charter known as the Cartularium Saxonicum of the year 960 A.D., or it could simply mean a cleared place in the woodland. The surname is spread widely in the region around Essex known as East Anglia, a more evidence of its early origins. An early example of the surname records is that of Thomas Stebin in the Hundred Rolls of landowners of Cambridgeshire in the year 1273, while Henry Stebbing (1687-1763) became a specific priest to King George II of England, in the year 1732. The Royal symbol related to the Stebbing’s of Wisset in Suffolk and Woodrising in Norfolk
More common variations are: Stebing, Stubbing, Stibbing, Steubing, Stiebing, Stuebing, Steibing, Stobbing, Stebbang, Stabbing.
The surname Stebbing first appeared in Essex at Stebbing, a small hamlet in the Uttlesford district that records back to the Domesday Book where it noted as Stibinga and either meant “settlement of the family or supporters of a man called Stybba” or “dwellers among the tree-stumps.” Although the Old English roots of this name show that they pre-date the Normans in Britain, they were also conjecturally ancestor from Thomas de Colunces whose son Hugh derived the lands of Stebbing and Woodham Ferrars in Essex, consisting of two Mills, vines, and five beehives.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Richard de Stebing, dated about the year 1272, in the “Hundred Rolls of Essex,” It was during the time of King Edward 1st, who was known to be the “The Hammer of the Scots,” dated 1272-1307. The origin of surnames during this period became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling variations of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Stebbing had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Some of the people with the surname Stebbing who arrived in the United States in the 17th century included Edward Stebbing, who came to Cambridge Massachusetts in the year 1633 and was one of the founders of Hartford, CT.
Some of the individuals with the surname Stebbing who landed in New-Zealand in the 19th century included Edward Stebbing arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship “Winterthur” in 1866
Here is the population distribution of the last name Stebbing: England 672; United States 383; Australia 312; South Africa 310; Canada 98; Scotland 72; New Zealand 57; Normandy 20; Spain 6; France 2.
Édouard Stebbing, a photographer, was active in Paris between 1890 and 1910.
Edward Percy Stebbing (1872–1960), was a pioneering British forester and forest entomologist in India.
Gary Stebbing (born 1965), is an English professional football player.
Henry Stebbing (1687–1763), was an English priest and fighter.
Henry Stebbing (editor) (1799–1883), was an English cleric.
Stebbing Coat of Arms Meaning
The two main devices (symbols) in the Stebbing blazon are the bezant and bend. The two main tinctures (colors) are gules and or.
Gules, the heraldic colour red is very popular, sometimes said to represent “Military Fortitude and Magnanimity”1The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. It is usually abbreviated as gu and in the days before colour printing was shown in a system known as hatching by vertical lines 2Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P52. Although it may look like a French word it is normally pronounced with a hard “g” and may be derived either from the Latin gula (throat) or Arabic gule (rose).3A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P154
The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.4Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 5A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.6Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.
For easy recognition of the items on a coat of arms, and hence the quick identification of the owner, bold simple shapes are best. Hence, simple geometric shapes are often used for this purpose 7A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P146xz`, and the bezant Is a typical example of this, and in British Heraldry always takes the tincture or. It shares the same root as the name Byzantium, being associated with the gold coin of that city and indeed, in some heraldic traditions is represented as a coin-like disk in perspective. Wade suggests that the use of this device refers to ” one who had been found worthy of trust and treasure.” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P122
The bend is a distinctive part of the shield, frequently occuring and clearly visible from a distance – it is a broad band running from top left to bottom right 9Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 39-40. Indeed, so important is the bend that it was the subject of one of the earliest cases before the English Court of Chivalry; the famous case of 1390, Scrope vs Grosvenor had to decide which family were the rightful owners of Azure, a bend or (A blue shield, with yellow bend). 10A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P22. The bend is held in high honour and may signify “defence or protection” and often borne by those of high military rank 11The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P49.