Blazons & Genealogy Notes
Az. a chev. cotised ar. Cresl—A harpy guard, wings displ. ppr.
Az. a chev. cotised ar. Cresl—A harpy guard, wings displ. ppr.
Origins of Sutter:
Listed in many forms, this is an English surname. It can be either professional, and a name for a shoemaker, or locational from a place called Sutterfield or similar. The origin is from the pre 7th-century Old English word “sutere,” and the Latin “sutor” which means a shoemaker. Professional surnames were amongst the earliest to be composed but did not usually become hereditary until a son supported a father into the same line old business. There is no such place listed as Sutterfield, so either this is a ‘lost’ hamlet name, or it is a corruption of something else. Many names do start from ‘lost’ hamlets of which the surname may well be the only public record in the 20th century. Not surprisingly the professional surname was one of the earliest created with as examples Nicholas le Soutere in Sussex in 1263, and Richard Suter in the Premium Rolls of the same county in 1327. In the new era, the spellings include Soutar, Souter, Souttar, Sowter, Sutter, Sewter, Suter, Sutor, and Sutters. This spelling is fairly widespread in Scotland, and Thomas Urquhart relates as a culture in circa 1660 that the two lands of Cromarty, known as the “Soutars,” were the work stools of two giants who supplied their associates with shoes and buskins.
More common variations are: Soutter, Sautter, Seutter, Suitter, Suttera, Suetter, Sutteer, Suatter, Suttery, Suotter.
The surname Sutter first appeared in Austria, where carriers of this surname have been outstanding contributors to the advancement of the district from old times. Always famous for social affairs, the family name became an essential part of that violent region as it developed to form alliances with other families within the Feudal System and the nation.
The very first recording spelling of the family was shown to be that of Lewinus Sutor, dated 1066, in the Hampshire. Surname all over the country became a necessity with the introduction of personal taxation. It came to be known as Poll Tax in England. Surnames all over the country began to develop, with unique and shocking spelling varieties of the original one.
Many of the people with surname Sutter had moved to Ireland during the 17th century.
United States of America:
Individuals with the surname Sutter landed in the United States in two different centuries respectively in the 18th, and 19th. Some of the people with the name Sutter who arrived in the United States in the 18th century included Heiri Sutter, who came to Pennsylvania in 1743. Henderick Sutter, aged 23, landed in Pennsylvania in 1743. Henderick, Sutter Jr., at the age of 30, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1743. Peter Sutter, who came to Pennsylvania in 1746. Werner Sutter, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1749.
The following century saw more Sutter surnames arrive. Some of the people with the surname Sutter who arrived in the United States in the 19th century included Rudolph Sutter, who came to Pennsylvania in 1803-1827. John August Sutter, who landed in America in 1834. Samuel Sutter, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1836. Anthony Sutter, who arrived in Somerset County, Pennsylvania in 1838. John Sutter, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840.
Some of the people with the surname Sutter who arrived in the Canada in the 18th century included John Sutter, who came to Nova Scotia in 1750. John Sutter, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750. Mr. James Sutter U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784.
Some of the individuals with the surname Sutter who landed in Australia in the 19th century included John Sutter, aged 25 arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship “James Fernie.”
Here is the population distribution of the last name Sutter:
United States 12,178; Switzerland 4,772; Germany 3,261; France 3,037; Brazil 1,383; Austria 629; Kenya 549; Guatemala 492; Argentina 478; Canada 449.
Alain Sutter (born January 1968 in Bern) is one of the most successful Swiss football players during the 1990s. He started his work in 1985 with Grasshoppers Zurich, one of Switzerland’s most storied clubs. After spending the 1987–88 season on loan to Young Boys Bern, he was ready to take his place in the Grasshoppers the first team, where he remained until the 1993–94 season when he decided to move to Germany to play with Nürnberg.
Beat Sutter (born December 1962 in Gelterkinden) is an old Swiss football striker who played all over the 1980s and 1990s. He started his career with FC Basel in 1981 and went on to play 114 matches for the club before he left to join Neuchâtel Xamax in the year 1986.
The main device (symbol) in the Sutter blazon is the chevron. The two main tinctures (colors) are azure and argent.
The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 2The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.
Argent is the heraldic metal Silver and is usually shown as very pure white. It is also known more poetically as pearl, moon (or luna) 3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. In a sketch or drawing it is represented by plain, unmarked paper 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11.
The chevron is one the major shapes used upon a shield, known as ordinaries. The inverted ‘V’ of the chevron is perhaps thought to have originated to represent a military scarf folded on the shield 5A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various), or additional cross-pieces used to strengthen the shield and painted a different colour.6The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859. It has also acquired the meaning of “Protection… granted… to one who has achieved some notable enterprise” 7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45, possibly becuase of its resemblance to the roof truss of a house.
References [ + ]
|1.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure|
|2.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36|
|3.||↑||Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53|
|4.||↑||A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P11|
|5.||↑||A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, (various)|
|6.||↑||The Pursuivant of Arms, J. R. Planche, Hardwicke, London 1859|
|7.||↑||The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P45|