Welch Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Welch Family Coat of Arms

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Welch Coat of Arms Meaning

Welch Name Origin & History

Variations of this name are: Welsh.

We have several coat of arms design(s) for the name Welch. Click on the thumbnails to view each design.

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Welch Coat of Arms Meaning

The three main devices (symbols) in the Welch blazon are the mullet, salmon and martlet. The two main tinctures (colors) are sable and azure.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 1A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 2Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 3The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

The bright, strong blue color in Heraldry is known in English as azure, and similarly in other European languages – azul in Spanish, azurro in Italian and azur in French. The word has its roots in the Arabic word lazura, also the source of the name of the precious stone lapis lazuli 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure. Despite this, those heralds who liked to associate colours with jewels chose instead to describe blue as Sapphire. According to Wade, the use of this colour symbolises “Loyalty and Truth” 5The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36.

The heraldic mullet, not to be confused with the fish of that name, is shown as a regular, five pointed star. This was originally, not an astronomical object, but represented the spur on a horseman’s boot, especially when peirced, with a small circular hole in the centre it represents a type of spur known as a “rowel” 6Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97. A clear example can be found in the arms of Harpendene, argent, a mullet pierced gules. The ancient writer Guillim associated such spurs in gold as belonging to the Knight, and the silver to their esquires 7A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107. In later years, Wade linked this five pointed star with the true celestial object, the estoile and termed it a “falling star”, symbolising a “divine quality bestowed from above” 8The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105.

Fish in great variety abound in Heraldry, many different species inhabit coats of arms 9Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P150, although truth be told many of the actual images are sometimes indistinguishable, being shown as a stylised, and easily recognised salmon shape 10A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P137 that a child might draw. The actual name used in the coat of arms may be some play-on-words or allusion to the family name, as in the famous arms of the de Lucy family, being “Gules, three lucies or”, 11Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 79 this being an ancient name for the fish we call today a “pike”. It is possible that the salmon has been used in this fashion, or it may simply relate to some fishing activity in the history of the family.

The martlett is by far the most common bird to appear in British Heraldry, perhaps only equalled by the eagle, however it is not a species ever to be found in an ornithologists handbook! The word itself is though to have come from the French word merlette, the female blackbird and itself a similar type of charge used in French Heraldry. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet. Over time the image has become quite stylised, without visible legs or distinctive feathers. Wade suggests that this representation arises from “the appearance of the bird of paradise to ancient travellers” 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79. Other bird species may be named in coats of arms (cornish chough is a frequent example) but in actual execution their appearance is often indistinguishable from the martlet.

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Welch Name

Welch Origin:

England, Welsh

Origins of Welch:

The surname of Welch can be traced to the Anglo-Saxon people of the 5th Century, and then throughout history until the Vikings of the 7th Century. This surname of Welch was used to describe the native peoples of any area that they were looking to conquer. This surname of Welch was used as a nickname for these people. It is a common element of surnames throughout Europe that many of them originally derived from nicknames, as it was a very common practice in medieval times. In the beginning, nicknames were applied to people who had distinguishing characteristics, such as moral or mental peculiarities, a similar appearance to a bird or animal, a similar disposition to a bird or animal, occupation of an individual, their habits, or their manner of dress. In the case of the surname of Welch, the derivation of the surname itself comes from the word “waelisc” which can be translated to mean “foreigner,” or “stranger.” This surname could also have been used as a nickname for someone who hails from the country of Wales.

Variations:

More common variations are: Wealch, Weelch, Welche, Welych, Welich, Welchh, Welcha, Welchi, Wielch

England:

The first recorded spelling of the surname of Welch can be found within the country of England. One person who was recorded as having the surname of Welch was one Simon Welsche, who was mentioned in the document known as the Hundred Rolls of the County of Bedfordshire, England, in the year of 1279. This document was ordered, decreed, and written under the reign of one King Edward I of England, who was known throughout the ages and commonly referred to throughout history as one “The Hammer of the Scots.” King Edward I of England was nicknamed as such because of the wars, conquests, and hardships that he waged on the people of Scotland during his reign, which lasted from the year 1272 to the year 1307. Other mentions of the surname of Welch in the country of England include one Margery Wellis, who was mentioned in the Subsidy Rolls of the County of Essex in the year of 1327, while one Roger Welch was named in the Court Rolls of the borough of Colchester, which is located in the County Essex, in the year of 1334. Those who are known by the surname of Welch within the country of England can be found in high concentrations in the areas of Lancashire, and the areas in and around the city of London.

Ireland:

Throughout the country of Ireland, the surname of Welch is a popular one. The first recorded spelling of the surname of Welch within the country of Ireland can be found in the name of Haylen de Walsh, who resided in the area of Waterford, and who was the son of Phillip the Welshman, who was an invader in the year of 1170. Those who carry the surname of Welch can be found in Kilkenny and Mayo.

Scotland:

Within the country of Scotland, there are many people who carry the surname of Welch. The areas that carry the largest population of those who are known by the surname of Welch can be found in the counties of Fife and Lanarkshire.

Here is the population distribution of the last name Welch: United States 124,640; England 14,428; Canada 4,260; Australia 3,669; South Africa 2,374; New Zealand 1,174; Mexico 1,021; Scotland 788; Wales 686; France 514

Notable People:

Walter Wilbert Welch (1918-2015) who was an educator and pastor from America

Tahnee Welch who was born in the year 1961 and who is an actress from America who is best know from her parts in the movies and Cocoon from the year 1985 and I shot Andy Warhol In the year 1996 and she is also the daughter of Rachel Welch

General Larry D. Welch who was born in the year 1934 and who was a member of the United States Air Force who served as the 12th Chief of Staff

Edward J. Welch (1922-2014) who was a research chemist for the company DuPont who was the developer of the coating know as Silverstone which is used to make cookware non-stick

Jack Welch (1905-1985) who was an illustrator from America who is most well known for his work as the illustrator for the cover of The Saturday Evening Post

Edward F. Welch Jr. (1924-2008) who was a rear admiral from America for the United States Navy and who served as the President of the Naval War College

Welch Family Gift Ideas

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) (Arle House, co. Gloucester). Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. on a fess engr. betw. six mullets or, a lion pass. of the first; 2nd, per pale ar. and or, a chev. engr. chequy gu. and of the second betw. three roses of the third, on a canton az. a fleur-de-lis; 3rd, gu. a pale surmounted of two lions pass. Crest—An antelope's head erased billettee, holding in the mouth a cross crosslet fitchee.
2) (co. Gloucester). Az. a mullet or.
3) Az. six mullets, three, two, and one or, a border gobony ar. and gu. Crest—An antelope's head erased az. bezantee, gorged with a collar gobony ar. and gu. on the top of each horn a ring or.
4) Sa. three salmons naiant ar. Crest—An antelope sejant ar. armed, collared, and lined or.
5) Same Arms. Crest—A demi wolf ramp. gu.
6) Gu. three bars ar. on a canton erm. a bend of the field.
7) Ar. a fess betw. six martlets sa. Crest—A griffin's head erased ar.

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References   [ + ]

1. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
2. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
3. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Azure
5. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
6. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 97
7. A Display of Heraldry, J. Guillim, Blome, London, 1679, P107
8. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P105
9. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P150
10. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1847, P137
11. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 79
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Martlet
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P79