Werthern Family Crest, Coat of Arms and Name History

Werthern Family Coat of Arms

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Werthern Coat of Arms Meaning

Werthern Name Origin & History

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Werthern Coat of Arms Meaning

The two main devices (symbols) in the Werthern blazon are the lion rampant and baton. The three main tinctures (colors) are or, sable and gules .

The bright yellow colour frequently found in coats of arms is known to heralds as Or, or sometimes simply as Gold.1Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27. Along with, argent, or silver it forms the two “metals” of heraldry – one of the guidelines of heraldic design is that silver objects should not be placed upon gold fields and vice versa 2A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85. The yellow colour is often associated with the Sun, and the zodiacal sign of Leo.3Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53.

Sable, the deep black so often found in Heraldry is believed to named from an animal of the marten family know in the middle ages as a Sabellinœ and noted for its very black fur 4A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable. In engravings, when colors cannot be shown it is represented as closely spaced horizontal and vertical lines, and appropriately is thus the darkest form of hatching, as this method is known 5Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26. Although it may seem a sombre tone, and does indeed sometimes denote grief, it is more commonly said to represent Constancy 6The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35.

Red in heraldry is given the name Gules, sometimes said to be the “martyr’s colour”7The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36. The colour is also associated with Mars, the red planet, and the zodiacal sign Aries 8Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53. Later heralds of a more poetical nature would sometimes refer to the colour as ruby, after the precious stone.9A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77.

There can be no animal more clearly associated with Heraldry than the lion, majestic King of the Beasts. Originally it appeared only in one pose, erect, on one paw, with the others raised 10Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64 but such was the popularity of this figure, and the need to distinguish arms from each other, that it soon came to be shown in an enormous range of forms 11Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141. The lion rampant is an example of these modified form, and any family would be proud to have such a noble creature displayed on their arms. Rampant is the default attitude of the lion, raised on its hind legs, facing to the dexter and with front paws extended in a fearsome and powerful pose.

The baton is not a short staff, as its usage today suggests, but a geometrical ordinary on the shield, being a bendlet sinister couped, i.e. a narrow diagonal band cut off at each end. 12A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Baton In ancient times it was said to be a mark of illegitimacy that should be retained for three generations. 13The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P51

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Origin, Meaning and Family History of the Werthern Name

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Blazons & Genealogy Notes

1) Saxe - (Barons, 1520) Écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'or au lion de gueules () aux 2 et 3 de sable à un bâton d'or en bande poussant en haut une feuille et en bas deux feuilles aussi d'or (à cause de la charge d'huissier héréditaire du St-Empire) Casque couronné Cimier un ours issant d'argent colleté d'or () couronné d'or et sommé de trois plumes d'autruche de gueules de sable et d'or (à cause de la charge d'huissier héréditaire du St-Empire) Lambrequin d'or et de gueules. English: Quarterly, 1st and 4th Or a lion rampant gules; 2nd and 3rd Sable a baton bendwise with one leaf at the upper end and two at the bottom Or (for the office of hereditary bailiff of the Holy Roman Empire). Crowned helm. Crest: a demi-bear issuant Argent gorged and crowned Or and surmounted by three ostrich plumes sable and or [I think this means they are coming out of the crown on the bear's head] (for the office of hereditary usher of the Holy Roman Empire. Mantling Or and Gules.
2) (Werthern-Beichlingen) Prusse, Saxe-Weimar, Hesse - (Comtes, 15 oct. 1840) Coupé d'un trait parti de deux autres qui font six quartiers au 1 d'argent à trois fasces de gueules (Beichlingen) au 2 d'or à l'aigle éployée de sable becquée et membrée du champ surmontée d'une couronne impériale et portant sur sa poitrine un écusson de gueules ch d'une fasce d'argent (armes de concession) au 3 d'or au léopard lionné d'azur couronné du champ (Rabeswald) au 4 d'azur à une autruche passante d'argent couronnée d'or tenant de sa patte dextre trois flèches d'argent Frohndorf) au 5 de gueules à un éléphant d'argent houssé d'or portant son cornac de sable et une tour d'or (Brücken) au 6 échiqueté de gueules et d'argent de vingt-cinq points à l'aigle d'or couronnée du même brochant sur le tout (Wihe) A la champagne de l'écu de gueules Sur le tout écartelé aux 1 et 4 d'or au lion de gueules couronné du champ (comté de Werthern) aux 2 et 3 de sable à un bâton d'or en barre poussant en haut deux feuilles et en bas une seule feuille aussi d'or (à cause de la charge d'huissier héréditaire du St-Empire) Trois casques couronnés Cimiers 1° un chapeau piramidal aux armes du 1 couronné d'or sommé d'une queue de paon au naturel Lambrequin d'argent et de gueules (Beichlingen) 2° un ours issant d'argent posé de face colleté d'or (Werthern) couronné du même et sommé de trois plumes d'autruche de gueules d'or et de sable (à cause de la charge d'huissier héréditaire du St-Empire) Lambrequin d'or et de sable 3° le léopard lionné du 3 issant sommé d'une queue de paon au naturel Lambrequin d'or et d'azur (Rabeswald) Supports deux lions regardants d'or tenant chacun de sa patte dextre une épée et de sa senestre une rondache. English: Quarterly of six [in two rows of three] 1st Argent three bars Gules (Beichlingen); 2nd Or an eagle displayed Sable beaked and membered of the field surmounted by an imperial crown and bearing on its breast an escutchen Gules a fess argent (for augmentation); 3rd Or a lion rampant guardant Azure crowned of the field (Rabeswald); 4th Azure an ostrich passant argent crowned or holding in the dexter claw three arrows argent (Frohndorf); 5th Gules an elephant argent housed [saddle-cloth, blanket] Or carrying his mahout (driver) sable and a tower Or (Brucken); 6th Checky of 25 pieces gules and argent an eagle displayed crowned Or (Wihe); a base [of the whole shield] gules; overall an inescutcheon quarterly, 1st and 4th Or a lion gules crowned or (County of Werthern), 2nd and 3rd Sable a baton bendwise Or sprouting two leaves from the upper end and one from the lower also or (for the office of hereditary bailiff of the Holy Roman Empire). Three crowned helms. Crests: 1st a pyramidal chapeau of the arms in the first quarter surmounted (in front of?) by a peacock's tail proper; mantling argent and gules (Beichlingen); 2nd a demi-bear issuant affronty argent gorged or (Werthern) crowned of the same and surmounted by (in front of?) three ostrich plumes gules, or and sable (for the office of hereditary bailiff of the Holy Roman Empire), mantling or and sable; 3rd a demi-lion rampant guardant as in the 3rd quarter surmounted by (in front of?) a peacock's tail proper, mantling or and azure (Rabeswald). Supporters two lions regardant Or each holding a sword in its dexter paw and a targe on the sinister.

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References   [ + ]

1. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 27
2. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P85
3. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
4. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Sable
5. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 26
6. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P35
7. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P36
8. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P53
9. A Complete Guide to Heraldry, A.C. Fox-Davies, Bonanza (re-print of 1909 Edition), New York, 1978, P77
10. Boutell’s Heraldry, J.P. Brooke-Little, Warne, (revised Edition) London 1970, P 64
11. Understanding Signs & Symbols – Heraldry, S. Oliver & G. Croton, Quantum, London, 2013, P136-141
12. A Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry, J.H. Parker, Oxford, 1894, Entry:Baton
13. The Symbolisms of Heraldry, W. Cecil Wade, George Redway, London, 1898 P51